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Oxaliplatin in Treating Children With Advanced Solid Tumors

2014-08-27 03:57:38 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of oxaliplatin in treating children who have advanced solid tumors.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the maximum tolerated dose of oxaliplatin in children with advanced solid tumors.

- Determine the toxic effects of this drug in these patients.

- Determine the safety of this drug in these patients.

- Determine the pharmacokinetics of this drug in these patients.

- Assess the relationship between pharmacokinetic parameters and toxicity of this regimen and response in these patients.

- Determine the anti-tumor effects of this drug in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.

Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1 (every 3 weeks for up to 6 courses) OR on days 1, 14, and 28 (every 6 weeks for up to 3 courses). Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of oxaliplatin until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Once the MTD for dose levels 1-4 is determined, an additional cohort of 3-6 patients is accrued and treated with oxaliplatin as above every 2 weeks (for up to 9 doses).

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 6-20 patients will be accrued for this study within 1-3.3 years.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific

Intervention

oxaliplatin

Location

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Memphis
Tennessee
United States
38105-2794

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:38-0400

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Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Young Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A rare but highly lethal childhood tumor found almost exclusively in infants. Histopathologically, it resembles RHABDOMYOSARCOMA but the tumor cells are not of myogenic origin. Although it arises primarily in the kidney, it may be found in other parts of the body. The rhabdoid cytomorphology is believed to be the expression of a very primitive malignant cell. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p2210)

A transplantable, poorly differentiated malignant tumor which appeared originally as a spontaneous breast carcinoma in a mouse. It grows in both solid and ascitic forms.

A malignant kidney tumor, caused by the uncontrolled multiplication of renal stem (blastemal), stromal (STROMAL CELLS), and epithelial (EPITHELIAL CELLS) elements. However, not all three are present in every case. Several genes or chromosomal areas have been associated with Wilms tumor which is usually found in childhood as a firm lump in a child's side or ABDOMEN.

A malignant cystic or semisolid tumor most often occurring in the ovary. Rarely, one is solid. This tumor may develop from a mucinous cystadenoma, or it may be malignant at the onset. The cysts are lined with tall columnar epithelial cells; in others, the epithelium consists of many layers of cells that have lost normal structure entirely. In the more undifferentiated tumors, one may see sheets and nests of tumor cells that have very little resemblance to the parent structure. (Hughes, Obstetric-Gynecologic Terminology, 1972, p184)

A malignant neoplasm that may be classified either as a glioma or as a primitive neuroectodermal tumor of childhood (see NEUROECTODERMAL TUMOR, PRIMITIVE). The tumor occurs most frequently in the first decade of life with the most typical location being the cerebellar vermis. Histologic features include a high degree of cellularity, frequent mitotic figures, and a tendency for the cells to organize into sheets or form rosettes. Medulloblastoma have a high propensity to spread throughout the craniospinal intradural axis. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2060-1)

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