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R115777 in Treating Patients Who Have Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

2014-08-27 03:57:38 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of R115777 in treating patients who have metastatic pancreatic cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the safety and effectiveness of R115777 in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. II. Determine the response rate, time to progression, and 6 month survival rate of these patients with this treatment regimen. III. Assess the pharmacokinetics of this treatment regimen in this patient population.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients receive oral R115777 twice daily for 21 consecutive days. Treatment continues every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 20-40 patients will be accrued for this study within 14-20 months.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Pancreatic Cancer

Intervention

tipifarnib

Location

Fox Chase Cancer Center
Philadelphia
Pennsylvania
United States
19111

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:38-0400

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PubMed Articles [13947 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A phase I study of the farnesyltransferase inhibitor Tipifarnib in combination with the epidermal growth factor tyrosine kinase inhibitor Erlotinib in patients with advanced solid tumors.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).

Star-shaped, myofibroblast-like cells located in the periacinar, perivascular, and periductal regions of the EXOCRINE PANCREAS. They play a key role in the pathobiology of FIBROSIS; PANCREATITIS; and PANCREATIC CANCER.

A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice.

Extracts prepared from pancreatic tissue that may contain the pancreatic enzymes or other specific uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific activities. PANCREATIN is a specific extract containing digestive enzymes and used to treat pancreatic insufficiency.

C-type lectins that restrict growth of bacteria in the intestinal epithelia and have bactericidal activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. They also regulate proliferation and differentiation of KERATINOCYTES following injury. Human pancreatitis-associated protein-1 (Reg3a) is overexpressed by pancreatic ACINAR CELLS in patients with CHRONIC PANCREATITIS. It is also highly expressed by pancreatic, bladder, and gastrointestinal cancer cells and may serve as a diagnostic biomarker.

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