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RATIONALE: New diagnostic procedures such as computed tomographic colonography may provide a less invasive method of identifying patients who have colorectal neoplasia.
PURPOSE: Diagnostic study to compare the effectiveness of computerized tomographic colonography with that of standard diagnostic procedures in detecting colorectal neoplasia.
OBJECTIVES: I. Compare retrospectively the accuracy of computerized tomographic colonography (CTC) vs pathology and colonoscopy in the detection of clinically important colorectal neoplasia, defined as at least one proven lesion with a diameter measuring at least 1 cm. II. Compare the physician image display preferences and interpretation time across three viewing platforms for CTC images.
OUTLINE: This is a retrospective, multicenter study. Radiologists evaluate each patient's optimal diagnostic computerized tomographic colonography (CTC) data. Patients' CTC findings are evaluated by a radiologist at a central facility using an imaging display software platform from General Electric, Vital Images, or the Mayo Clinic. CTC findings are compared with conventional colonoscopy findings and pathologic analysis. A comparison is made between physician image display preferences and interpretation time across three viewing platforms for CTC images.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 90 patients will be accrued for this study.
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
computed tomography, diagnostic colonoscopy
University of Alabama Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:38-0400
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An imaging technique using a device which combines TOMOGRAPHY, EMISSION-COMPUTED, SINGLE-PHOTON and TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED in the same session.
Computed tomography where there is continuous X-ray exposure to the patient while being transported in a spiral or helical pattern through the beam of irradiation. This provides improved three-dimensional contrast and spatial resolution compared to conventional computed tomography, where data is obtained and computed from individual sequential exposures.
Computed tomography modalities which use a cone or pyramid-shaped beam of radiation.
An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
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