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Computerized Tomographic Colonography Compared With Standard Diagnostic Procedures in Detecting Colorectal Neoplasia

2014-08-27 03:57:38 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: New diagnostic procedures such as computed tomographic colonography may provide a less invasive method of identifying patients who have colorectal neoplasia.

PURPOSE: Diagnostic study to compare the effectiveness of computerized tomographic colonography with that of standard diagnostic procedures in detecting colorectal neoplasia.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare retrospectively the accuracy of computerized tomographic colonography (CTC) vs pathology and colonoscopy in the detection of clinically important colorectal neoplasia, defined as at least one proven lesion with a diameter measuring at least 1 cm. II. Compare the physician image display preferences and interpretation time across three viewing platforms for CTC images.

OUTLINE: This is a retrospective, multicenter study. Radiologists evaluate each patient's optimal diagnostic computerized tomographic colonography (CTC) data. Patients' CTC findings are evaluated by a radiologist at a central facility using an imaging display software platform from General Electric, Vital Images, or the Mayo Clinic. CTC findings are compared with conventional colonoscopy findings and pathologic analysis. A comparison is made between physician image display preferences and interpretation time across three viewing platforms for CTC images.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 90 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Colorectal Cancer

Intervention

computed tomography, diagnostic colonoscopy

Location

University of Alabama Comprehensive Cancer Center
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35294

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:38-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An imaging technique using a device which combines TOMOGRAPHY, EMISSION-COMPUTED, SINGLE-PHOTON and TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED in the same session.

Computed tomography where there is continuous X-ray exposure to the patient while being transported in a spiral or helical pattern through the beam of irradiation. This provides improved three-dimensional contrast and spatial resolution compared to conventional computed tomography, where data is obtained and computed from individual sequential exposures.

Computed tomography modalities which use a cone or pyramid-shaped beam of radiation.

An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.

Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.

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