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Behavioral Economics of Human Drug Self-Administration

2014-08-27 03:57:39 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The objective of this protocol is to examine the utility of behavioral economics for understanding reinforcer interactions as they pertain to drug self-administration. In a series of 6 experiments, the researchers will attempt to quantify the effects of qualitatively different reinforcers (money, cigarettes, alcohol, nicotine gum) and their interactions. This work represents a continuation of research by this investigator in the area of addiction and pharmacology.

Study Design

Observational Model: Natural History, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Conditions

Drug Dependence

Intervention

nicotine, alcohol

Location

University of Vermont
Burlington
Vermont
United States
05401

Status

Completed

Source

National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:39-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)

Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.

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Chewing gum which contains NICOTINE.

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