Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
To examine the effects of ethnicity, socioeconomic status (SES) and behavior in overweight adults.
In 1999, more than 55 percent of United States adults were overweight, an increase of 8 percent in fifteen years. Because overweight is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality, the alarming increase in overweight underscored the need for innovative and effective weight-loss interventions. Tailored interventions specifically designed for high-risk subgroups can compliment existing population-based approaches. However, before designing such interventions, sociodemographic characteristics of those at high risk must be identified.. Although past studies have shown that ethnicity is associated with overweight, these studies suffered from potential confounding from SES because ethnic minority groups are disproportionately poor. Past studies have been compromised by limited sample size at the extremes of SES such as higher SES Mexican-Americans or Blacks, and/or lower SES Whites.
Weight loss is affected by multiple perceptions and behaviors, such as perceptions of overweight, physical activity, dietary habits, smoking, and alcohol use. Although past epidemiological research has investigated the independent effects of such influences on weight, research to date has not identified whether distinct clusters of weight perceptions and behaviors exist among overweight adults. Given that such clusters may differ by sociodemographic characteristics, identifying clusters may contribute to the design of innovative and tailored weight-loss interventions that address the presence of multiple influences on weight loss and increase the likelihood of successful interventions.
The study had four specific aims: (1) to identify subgroups at high risk of overweight based on sociodemographic characteristics (e.g., ethnicity and SES): (2a) to determine whether distinct clusters of weight perceptions and behaviors exist among overweight adults and (2b) to determine whether the clusters differ by sociodemographic characteristics; (3) to determine whether clusters in the overweight sample exist among normal-weight adults, and (4) to propose tailored weight-loss interventions to be tested empirically in the future. Data were analyzed, by gender, for 3203 Black, 2989 Mexican-American, and 3761 white men and women, ages 25-64, who participated in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994). This national survey of the United States population over-sampled by the two largest ethnic minorities, Blacks and Mexican-Americans, and provided sufficient sample sizes at the extremes of SES.
Observational Model: Natural History
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:39-0400
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Even most industrialised countries exhibit a growing and aging population of HIV...
This study evaluates the effects of different volumes of aerobic exercise training in cardiovascular parameters of patients with cardiovascular diseases enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitatio...
The purpose of this study is to better understand the association between the postprandial biomarker responses after a food challenge with the development of cardiovascular diseases in hea...
To develop a comprehensive protocol for assessing cardiovascular reactivity to stressors, for use in epidemiological and clinical investigations of cardiovascular diseases in healthy popul...
The Silesian Cardiovascular Database is an observational study of all patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases. The date include information on the clinical characteristics, tr...
Although alexithymia has been suggested to be associated with cardiovascular diseases, studies are scarce and a causal relationship is questionable. This study explored the prospective association bet...
To examine the trend of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors among a Middle Eastern population with prevalent CVD during a median follow up of 12 years.
Cardiovascular disease is a primary cause of mortality worldwide. Therefore, it is of major interest to identify sensitive molecular markers that predict cardiovascular events and point to therapeutic...
The aim of the present study was to examine the relation between understanding of emotions and cardiovascular related diseases, namely coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus and obesity. The unique...
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
Blood pressure levels that are between normotension and hypertension. Individuals with prehypertension are at a higher risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Generally, prehypertension is defined as SYSTOLIC PRESSURE of 131-139 mm Hg and/or DIASTOLIC PRESSURE of 81-89 when the optimal is 120/80 mm Hg. For diabetics and other metabolism diseases the prehypertension is around 110-129/70-79 mm Hg.
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...