Advertisement

Topics

Consequences and Correlates of Weight Fluctuations

2014-08-27 03:57:39 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To quantify the association between multiple intentional weight losses (i.e., weight fluctuations) and the development of hypertension and diabetes mellitus among 50,790 female nurses participating in the ongoing Nurses' Health Study II. In addition to assessing the consequences of weight fluctuations, their correlates and course were identified.

Description

BACKGROUND:

In the United States, approximately one third of adult women are trying to lose weight. Most weight losses are not sustained and in fact may be followed by gains of at least as much weight as was intentionally lost. It is unclear whether there are adverse outcomes associated with multiple intentional weight losses.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

The prospective study addressed the impact of weight fluctuation on development of hypertension (HPT) and diabetes (DM) by following women who significantly fluctuated in weight compared to those who generally maintained a stable weight. The subject source was all participants between 1989 and 1993 in the Nurses Health Study II (NHS) who did not experience a full term pregnancy between 1989 and 1993 and who were free of HPT, DM and cancer in 1993. A random sample of each of two weight fluctuation classifications, >20 lbs. (3 or more times) and 10-19 lbs. (3 or more times) was identified. A control group of non-fluctuators was matched by age and body mass index strata. Baseline data consisted of information obtained from the 1993 NHS II follow-up along with supplemental questionnaires sent to study participants to elicit specific information on past and present weight gain/loss and intentionality of weight fluctuation. Prospective data came from follow-up questionnaires in 1995, 1997, and 1999. Hypertension and DM ascertainment were obtained from self-report in the questionnaire. This ascertainment method appeared quite adequate based on validity studies carried out on subsamples of this cohort.

Study Design

Observational Model: Natural History

Conditions

Cardiovascular Diseases

Status

Completed

Source

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:39-0400

Clinical Trials [1162 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Cardiovascular Diseases in HIV-infected Subjects (HIV-HEART Study)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Even most industrialised countries exhibit a growing and aging population of HIV...

The Effects of Aerobic Exercise in Microvascular Endothelium Function in Patients With Cardiovascular Diseases

This study evaluates the effects of different volumes of aerobic exercise training in cardiovascular parameters of patients with cardiovascular diseases enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitatio...

Development, Testing, and Validation of A Protocol To Assess Cardiovascular Reactivity in Human Populations

To develop a comprehensive protocol for assessing cardiovascular reactivity to stressors, for use in epidemiological and clinical investigations of cardiovascular diseases in healthy popul...

Cardiovascular Diseases in the Silesian Region in Poland.

The Silesian Cardiovascular Database is an observational study of all patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases. The date include information on the clinical characteristics, tr...

Early Detection of Atherosclerosis: a Randomized Trial in the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases.

The incidence of cardiovascular diseases is still high and further efforts should be done in primary prevention. The main objective is to quantify the burden of subclinical atherosclerosis...

PubMed Articles [11850 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Risk factors of cardiovascular disease and its recommendations in Pakistani context.

Cardiovascular diseases possess a major cause for fatality and disability the world over. Since last several decades, the rates of cardiovascular diseases-related deaths have decreased in a number of ...

Association between alexithymia and risk of incident cardiovascular diseases in the SUpplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU.VI.MAX) Cohort.

Although alexithymia has been suggested to be associated with cardiovascular diseases, studies are scarce and a causal relationship is questionable. This study explored the prospective association bet...

Lipidomic insight into cardiovascular diseases.

Cardiovascular disease is a primary cause of mortality worldwide. Therefore, it is of major interest to identify sensitive molecular markers that predict cardiovascular events and point to therapeutic...

Efficacy of primary prevention for atherosclerosis-induced diseases in patients with high cardiovascular risk in Russia and other European countries (Part 1).

Evaluation of the effectiveness of risk management in persons with high cardiovascular risk is an important element in reducing the death rate of the population from cardiovascular diseases (CVD).

MicroRNAs as Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Diseases.

The fact that microRNAs play an important role in the development and pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease is beyond doubt. This article provides a brief overview of recent data that relate to micro...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.

Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)

Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.

Blood pressure levels that are between normotension and hypertension. Individuals with prehypertension are at a higher risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Generally, prehypertension is defined as SYSTOLIC PRESSURE of 131-139 mm Hg and/or DIASTOLIC PRESSURE of 81-89 when the optimal is 120/80 mm Hg. For diabetics and other metabolism diseases the prehypertension is around 110-129/70-79 mm Hg.

More From BioPortfolio on "Consequences and Correlates of Weight Fluctuations"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...


Searches Linking to this Trial