Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
To develop a scientifically valid and ethnically approved, lay-led smoking cessation intervention for Southeast Asian men and women, i-e., those from Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.
Economically disadvantaged Southeast Asian men were targeted because of their higher than average smoking prevalence rate, their extraordinary increased numbers, and the relative paucity of strategies to reach this hard-to-reach group.
Trained, lay S.E. Asian counselors (cadre) were the primary agents for this study's assessment, intervention, and follow -up of smoking cessation behaviors. Seven reasons for using this approach were cited, including the potential generalization of this approach to other populations.
Over the six year demonstration and education research study period, the investigators: collected baseline data on smoking and smoking cessation behaviors; designed ethnically approved strategies for the cessation and maintenance of smoking cessation behaviors based upon findings from the baseline assessment; implemented ethnically approved strategies for smoking cessation; maintained smoking cessation after initial quitting; and evaluated the effectiveness of the intervention.
On the macro level, an equal number of randomly selected subjects (E1) allocated equally among the three ethnic groups in one county were compared to an equal number of control subjects in geographically separate counties. On the micro level, E1 subjects were also compared to control subjects (C1) in the intervention county. All subjects were longitudinally followed. The standard for successful cessation was biochemically verified through salivary cotinine tests at one year of self-reported abstinence.
Among the study's features were the community-based (versus academic or clinical) nature of lay change agents, the deliberate integration of baseline data and scientific principles with ethnic values in the intervention approach, and a research design that allowed for both macro and micro comparisons of the intervention with control conditions.
Observational Model: Natural History
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:43-0400
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Even most industrialised countries exhibit a growing and aging population of HIV...
This study evaluates the effects of different volumes of aerobic exercise training in cardiovascular parameters of patients with cardiovascular diseases enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitatio...
The purpose of this study is to better understand the association between the postprandial biomarker responses after a food challenge with the development of cardiovascular diseases in hea...
To develop a comprehensive protocol for assessing cardiovascular reactivity to stressors, for use in epidemiological and clinical investigations of cardiovascular diseases in healthy popul...
The Silesian Cardiovascular Database is an observational study of all patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases. The date include information on the clinical characteristics, tr...
Cardiovascular diseases constitute the main cause of disability and premature death worldwide. Those diseases will continue to endanger health unless the public understands clearly and completely whic...
Cardiovascular diseases are life-threatening illnesses with high morbidity and mortality. Suppressed vagal (parasympathetic) activity and increased sympathetic activity are involved in these diseases....
The aim of the present study was to examine the relation between understanding of emotions and cardiovascular related diseases, namely coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus and obesity. The unique...
Cardiovascular diseases constitute one of the main causes of disability and premature death. The basic pathology consists of atherosclerosis. Therefore, influencing risk factors, including nutrition, ...
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (e.g., heart attacks and stroke), CANCER, chronic respiratory diseases (e.g., CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and ASTHMA) and DIABETES MELLITUS.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...