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To assess in older children and adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) whether intrinsic activation (relevant to the origin of pain and acute inflammation) occurs only during vasocclusive crisis (VOC).
Investigations into hemostatic abnormalities associated with sickle cell disease have been numerous. The data suggested that thrombin generation and fibrin formation were increased during steady state, with conflicting data whether further activation occurred in vaso-occlusive crisis. Platelet activation during VOC occurred, with variable findings during steady state. A selective, concomitant evaluation of the hemostatic pathways i.e. intrinsic, tissue factor (TF) or extrinsic activation, fibrinolysis, and platelet-endothelial activation had not been reported. Neither had a longitudinal evaluation been performed in infants during the unique transition period when HbF levels fall from 70 to 80 percent to less than 10 percent.
The study was part of an initiative on "Coagulation, Platelets and Thrombosis in Sickle Disease Pathophysiology". The Request for Applications was released in October 1994.
The studies used appropriate 'negative' and 'positive' control groups. Studies included intrinsic markers [kininogen profiling, high molecular weight kininogen (HK) and low molecular weight kininogen (LK) cleavages, western blotting of HK and LK, and kallikrein-alpha2 macroglobulin; extrinsic markers [TF and factor V11a]; other activation and fibrinolytic markers [prothrombin F1.2, FPA, TAT, tPA, PAI-I, D-dimer and plasma alpha2 antiplasmin]; platelet- endothelial markers [evaluation of activation dependent epitopes]. Unequivocal demonstration of contact pathway activation during VOC provided a crucial link between VOC and its accompanying phenomenon including pain, and inflammation. Finally, the studies provided a unique perspective on the continuum of hemostatic changes that unfolded during the course of SCD, and those that developed as vascular insufficiencies supervened in the adult.
Observational Model: Natural History, Time Perspective: Longitudinal
Anemia, Sickle Cell
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:43-0400
To conduct a prospective study aimed at the early detection and treatment of cerebral vascular disease prior to irreversible brain injury in young children with sickle cell anemia (SCA).
This study will summarized the clinical and laboratory data and the outcome of all the patients suffering from Sickle Cell Anemia (Including Sickle cell thalassemia) admitted to the pediat...
Sickle cell disease (SCD), also known as sickle cell anemia, is an inherited genetic disease that can cause intense pain episodes. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of the nutriti...
Sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder that affects red blood cells (RBCs). People with sickle cell disease frequently experience anemia, or a low number of RBCs. RBCs are resp...
Children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) seem to have higher energy needs than children who do not have the disease. This may be the reason why children and teenagers with sickle cell anemia...
Sickle cell disease affects more than 100,000 individuals in the United States, among whom disease severity varies considerably. One factor that influences disease severity is the sickle cell disease ...
Sickle cell anemia is a haematological disorder characterized by multiple vaso-occlusive complications, resulting in a reduced life expectancy. These patients are exposed to several triggering factors...
Newborn screening for sickle cell anemia is necessary in Africa where the disease is more frequent. Hemoglobin electrophoresis is used for screening, but is limited by a high cost and difficult access...
Spontaneous epidural hematoma (EDH) is a rare occurrence in patients with sickle cell disease, with a small number of cases reported. Appropriate diagnosis is critical, because rapid neurosurgical int...
The improvement in sickle cell anemia (SCA) care resulted in the emergence of a large population of adults living with this disease. The mechanisms of lung injury in this new population are largely un...
An abnormal hemoglobin resulting from the substitution of valine for glutamic acid at position 6 of the beta chain of the globin moiety. The heterozygous state results in sickle cell trait, the homozygous in sickle cell anemia.
One of the sickle cell disorders characterized by the presence of both hemoglobin S and hemoglobin C. It is similar to, but less severe than sickle cell anemia.
A disease characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia, episodic painful crises, and pathologic involvement of many organs. It is the clinical expression of homozygosity for hemoglobin S.
An acute purulent infection of the meninges and subarachnoid space caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, most prevalent in children and adults over the age of 60. This illness may be associated with OTITIS MEDIA; MASTOIDITIS; SINUSITIS; RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS; sickle cell disease (ANEMIA, SICKLE CELL); skull fractures; and other disorders. Clinical manifestations include FEVER; HEADACHE; neck stiffness; and somnolence followed by SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits (notably DEAFNESS); and COMA. (From Miller et al., Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p111)
K-Cl cotransporter ubiquitously expressed with higher expression levels in ERYTHROCYTES of ANEMIA, SICKLE CELL. It mediates active potassium and chloride cotransport across the plasma membrane and contributes to cell volume homeostasis
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...