Advertisement

Topics

Removal of T Cells to Prevent Graft-Versus-Host Disease in Patients Undergoing Bone Marrow Transplantation

2014-07-23 21:56:32 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Bone marrow transplantation may be able to replace immune cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy or radiation therapy used to kill tumor cells. Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Eliminating the T cells from the donor cells before transplanting them may prevent this from happening.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of T cell removal to prevent graft-versus-host disease in patients who are undergoing bone marrow transplantation from a donor.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the incidence and severity of graft vs host disease (GVHD) following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation with marrow grafts modified by T cell depletion with counterflow centrifugal elutriation and CD34+ cell selection in patients at high risk for GVHD. II. Determine the incidence of graft failure following this treatment regimen in this patient population. III. Determine the relapse rate and overall survival in this patient population treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: Patients with unrelated donors, mismatched related donors, or matched related donors diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, myeloma, or advanced acute myeloid leukemia (AML), receive cyclophosphamide IV over 60 minutes on days -6 and -5 and fractionated total body irradiation (TBI) 3 times a day on days -3 through -1, and twice on day 0. Patients receive graft vs host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis with anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) IV over 8 hours on days -2 and -1. Patients undergo allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) on day 0 with marrow grafts modified by T cell depletion with counterflow centrifugal elutriation and CD34+ selection. Patients unable to receive TBI due to matched or mismatched related donors, or age (56 to 60), or patients diagnosed with AML-CR1, chronic myelogenous leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, or myeloproliferative disorders with matched related donors, receive oral busulfan every 6 hours on days -7 through -4, cyclophosphamide IV over 60 minutes on days -3 and -2, and ATG IV over 8 hours on days -2 and -1 for GVHD prophylaxis. Patients undergo T cell depleted ABMT on day 0. At pretransplantation, patients with acute leukemia receive intrathecal (IT) methotrexate (MTX) following lumbar puncture. At 48 hours following IT MTX, patients with CNS involvement receive a second dose of IT MTX followed by oral leucovorin calcium every 6 hours for 4 doses. Patients with prior CNS involvement receive cranial radiotherapy for 2 weeks. Following AMBT, patients undergo GVHD prophylaxis consisting of methylprednisolone IV every 12 hours on days 5-22, and then once daily on days 23-28 and cyclosporine IV or orally twice daily beginning on day -1 and continuing until 7-9 months following ABMT. Patients are followed every 3 months until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 40 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders

Intervention

anti-thymocyte globulin, busulfan, cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine, leucovorin calcium, methotrexate, methylprednisolone, allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, in vitro-treated bone marrow transplantation, radiation therapy

Location

H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa
Florida
United States
33612

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:56:32-0400

Clinical Trials [2242 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Anti-Thymocyte Globulin, Cyclosporine, and RAD in Islet Transplantation

This study was designed to test the safety and efficacy of up to 3 pancreatic alloislet transplants in type 1 diabetic patients with hypoglycemia unawareness. 6 subjects were transplanted...

HSCT for Patients With Fanconi Anemia Using Risk-Adjusted Chemotherapy

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the use of lower doses of busulfan and the elimination of cyclosporine will further reduce transplant-related side effects for patients wi...

Phase II Pilot Study of Cyclophosphamide and Rabbit Anti-Thymocyte Globulin as Salvage Therapy in Patients With Diffuse Systemic Sclerosis

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the toxicity of cyclophosphamide and rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin in patients with diffuse systemic sclerosis. II. Determine the efficacy of this regimen in t...

Cyclophosphamide Versus Anti-thymocyte Globulin for GVHD Prophylaxis After RIC Allo-SCT

The study is designed as a two arm randomized Phase II, multicenter trial comparing cyclophosphamide to anti-thymocyte globulin for Graft-versus-Host Disease (GVHD) prophylaxis in patients...

Donor Stem Cell Transplant After Busulfan, Fludarabine, and Antithymocyte Globulin in Treating Patients With Hematologic Cancer or Myelodysplastic Syndrome

RATIONALE: Giving low doses of chemotherapy and antithymocyte globulin before a donor stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cancer and abnormal cells. It may also stop the patient'...

PubMed Articles [7572 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Posttransplant Cyclophosphamide for HLA-haploidentical Transplantation in Patients With Mucopolysaccharidosis.

We successfully used a haploidentical transplantation protocol with posttransplant cyclophosphamide (CY) (50 mg/kg/d on days +3 and +4) for in vivo T-cell depletion in patients with mucopolysacchari...

Haematopoietic stem cell transplant for hyper-IgM syndrome due to CD40 defects: a single-centre experience.

Hyper-IgM syndrome due to CD40 deficiency (HIGM3) is a rare disease with only a few reported cases of haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). In retrospective study, we reviewed all patients ...

Effects of two doses of anti-T lymphocyte globulin-Fresenius given after full-match sibling stem cell transplantation in acute myeloblastic leukemia patients who underwent myeloablative fludarabine/busulfan conditioning.

Anti-T lymphocyte globulin Fresenius (rATG-F; ATG-Fresenius) and antithymocyte globulin (thymoglobulin), which are included in transplant protocols, are used to reduce the risk of chronic graft-versus...

Unmanipulated haploidentical transplantation conditioning with busulfan, cyclophosphamide and anti-thymoglobulin for adult severe aplastic anaemia.

We conducted a retrospective analysis to evaluate outcomes of haploidentical transplantation in adult severe aplastic anaemia (SAA) patients. Fifty-one adults received haploidentical transplantation b...

Comparative study of porcine anti-human lymphocyte immunoglobulin and rabbit anti-human thymocyte immunoglobulin as a first-line treatment of acquired severe aplastic anemia.

Porcine anti-human lymphocyte immunoglobulin (pALG) and rabbit anti-human thymocyte immunoglobulin (rATG) are the only two ATGs for severe aplastic anemia (SAA) treatment in China. 148 treatment-naïv...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The active metabolite of FOLIC ACID. Leucovorin is used principally as its calcium salt as an antidote to folic acid antagonists which block the conversion of folic acid to folinic acid.

An alkylating agent having a selective immunosuppressive effect on BONE MARROW. It has been used in the palliative treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (MYELOID LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC), but although symptomatic relief is provided, no permanent remission is brought about. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), busulfan is listed as a known carcinogen.

Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.

Immunizing agent containing IMMUNOGLOBULIN G anti-Rho(D) used for preventing Rh immunization in Rh-negative individuals exposed to Rh-positive red blood cells.

A long-acting calcium-blocking agent with significant anti-anginal activity. The drug produces significant coronary vasodilation and modest peripheral effects. It has antihypertensive and selective anti-arrhythmia activities and acts as a calmodulin antagonist.

More From BioPortfolio on "Removal of T Cells to Prevent Graft-Versus-Host Disease in Patients Undergoing Bone Marrow Transplantation"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...

Transplantation
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...

Clincial Trials
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...


Searches Linking to this Trial