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PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of sargramostim given as a breathing treatment for treating patients who have melanoma that is metastatic to the lung.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the therapeutic effects of aerosolized sargramostim (GM-CSF) in terms of progression free survival at 2 months and median survival rate in patients with metastatic melanoma to the lung. II. Determine the immunomodulatory effects of this treatment regimen in this patient population. III. Assess the quality of life in terms of physical and personal concerns of these patients treated with this regimen.
OUTLINE: Patients receive aerosolized sargramostim (GM-CSF) over 10-15 minutes twice daily for 7 days. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Quality of life is assessed at baseline and prior to course 5. Patients are followed every 2 months for at least 1.5 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 21-45 patients will be accrued for this study within 7-17 months.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
CCOP - Scottsdale Oncology Program
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:45-0400
RATIONALE: Inhaling sargramostim may interfere with the growth of tumor cells and may be an effective treatment for melanoma that has spread to the lung. PURPOSE: This phase I trial is st...
RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Colony-stimulating factors such as sargramostim may increase the number of immune cells found in bone ma...
RATIONALE: Vaccines made from peptides may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Colony-stimulating factors such as sargramostim may increase the number of immune cel...
RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as ipilimumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help k...
RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill melanoma cells. PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of vaccine therapy in treating patients with me...
Xeroderma pigmentosum is an orphan disease of poor prognosis. We report one case of parallel efficacy with anti-PD-1 antibody on both melanoma and skin carcinoma in a xeroderma pigmentosum patient. A ...
Vitiligo is a chronic disorder causing skin depigmentation with around 1% global prevalence, affecting people of all ages, skin types and genders. Due to the absence of melanin in lesional skin there ...
Although literature demonstrates a decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in individuals with various cancers, including squamous cell cancers (SCC) and basal cell cancers (BCC) comprising non-mel...
Treatment of digital skin cancers is challenging due to various functional and cosmetic implications. Traditionally, routine treatment includes radical amputation, but digital skin cancers are increas...
The incidence of melanoma has steadily increased over the past three decades. Melanoma in situ (MIS), defined as melanoma that is limited to the epidermis, contributes to a disproportionately high p...
An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
A cellular subtype of malignant melanoma. It is a pigmented lesion composed of melanocytes occurring on sun-exposed skin, usually the face and neck. The melanocytes are commonly multinucleated with a "starburst" appearance. It is considered by many to be the in situ phase of lentigo maligna melanoma.
Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
Experimentally induced tumor that produces MELANIN in animals to provide a model for studying human MELANOMA.
Found in large amounts in the plasma and urine of patients with malignant melanoma. It is therefore used in the diagnosis of melanoma and for the detection of postoperative metastases. Cysteinyldopa is believed to be formed by the rapid enzymatic hydrolysis of 5-S-glutathionedopa found in melanin-producing cells.
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...