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Study of Aerosolized Sargramostim in Treating Patients With Melanoma Metastatic to the Lung

2014-08-27 03:57:45 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Colony-stimulating factors, such as sargramostim, may help the body's immune system to kill cancer cells. Giving sargramostim in different ways may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of sargramostim given as a breathing treatment for treating patients who have melanoma that is metastatic to the lung.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the therapeutic effects of aerosolized sargramostim (GM-CSF) in terms of progression free survival at 2 months and median survival rate in patients with metastatic melanoma to the lung. II. Determine the immunomodulatory effects of this treatment regimen in this patient population. III. Assess the quality of life in terms of physical and personal concerns of these patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: Patients receive aerosolized sargramostim (GM-CSF) over 10-15 minutes twice daily for 7 days. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Quality of life is assessed at baseline and prior to course 5. Patients are followed every 2 months for at least 1.5 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 21-45 patients will be accrued for this study within 7-17 months.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Melanoma (Skin)

Intervention

sargramostim

Location

CCOP - Scottsdale Oncology Program
Scottsdale
Arizona
United States
85259-5404

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:45-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)

A cellular subtype of malignant melanoma. It is a pigmented lesion composed of melanocytes occurring on sun-exposed skin, usually the face and neck. The melanocytes are commonly multinucleated with a "starburst" appearance. It is considered by many to be the in situ phase of lentigo maligna melanoma.

Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)

Experimentally induced tumor that produces MELANIN in animals to provide a model for studying human MELANOMA.

Found in large amounts in the plasma and urine of patients with malignant melanoma. It is therefore used in the diagnosis of melanoma and for the detection of postoperative metastases. Cysteinyldopa is believed to be formed by the rapid enzymatic hydrolysis of 5-S-glutathionedopa found in melanin-producing cells.

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