Advertisement

Topics

Physical Fitness and Cardiovascular Mortality in Firefighters

2014-08-27 03:57:46 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To study prospectively the interrelationships among physical fitness, activity, other measured risk factors, coronary heart disease (CHD) and all-cause mortality in a cohort of 3,403 firefighters.

Description

BACKGROUND:

From 1971-1991 the Occupational Health Service of Los Angeles Country measured physical fitness and other CHD risk factors (including physical activity, anthropometric measures, blood pressure, smoking, family history of CHD, and levels of total cholesterol, uric acid, and glucose) in Los Angeles County firefighters at application and routine intervals (approximately every three years). The entire cohort of 3403 firefighters is now followed for mortality up to 1996.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

The entire cohort of 3,403 firefighers is followed up to 1996 in this longitudinal study. The investigators are using a variety of tracing sources, including the National Death Index, and obtaining death certificates to determine date and cause of death. Cohort data will be analyzed to address the following aims: (1) To provide a longitudinal description of and determine the interrelationships among physical fitness, physical activity, and other measured risk factors; (2) to determine whether levels of physical fitness are related, independently of other known and measured risk factors, CHD and all-cause mortality; (3) To determine whether there is a gradient of decreasing CHD risk with increasing levels of physical fitness, or whether there appears to be some threshold of physical fitness, above which CHD risk stabilizes; (4) To determine whether the relationship between physical fitness and CHD and all-cause mortality varies by such cardiovascular risk factors as age, cholesterol levels, blood pressure, smoking, and obesity.

Study Design

Observational Model: Defined Population, Observational Model: Natural History, Time Perspective: Longitudinal

Conditions

Cardiovascular Diseases

Status

Completed

Source

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:46-0400

Clinical Trials [1162 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Cardiovascular Diseases in HIV-infected Subjects (HIV-HEART Study)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Even most industrialised countries exhibit a growing and aging population of HIV...

The Effects of Aerobic Exercise in Microvascular Endothelium Function in Patients With Cardiovascular Diseases

This study evaluates the effects of different volumes of aerobic exercise training in cardiovascular parameters of patients with cardiovascular diseases enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitatio...

Development, Testing, and Validation of A Protocol To Assess Cardiovascular Reactivity in Human Populations

To develop a comprehensive protocol for assessing cardiovascular reactivity to stressors, for use in epidemiological and clinical investigations of cardiovascular diseases in healthy popul...

Cardiovascular Diseases in the Silesian Region in Poland.

The Silesian Cardiovascular Database is an observational study of all patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases. The date include information on the clinical characteristics, tr...

Early Detection of Atherosclerosis: a Randomized Trial in the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases.

The incidence of cardiovascular diseases is still high and further efforts should be done in primary prevention. The main objective is to quantify the burden of subclinical atherosclerosis...

PubMed Articles [11825 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Risk factors of cardiovascular disease and its recommendations in Pakistani context.

Cardiovascular diseases possess a major cause for fatality and disability the world over. Since last several decades, the rates of cardiovascular diseases-related deaths have decreased in a number of ...

Association between alexithymia and risk of incident cardiovascular diseases in the SUpplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU.VI.MAX) Cohort.

Although alexithymia has been suggested to be associated with cardiovascular diseases, studies are scarce and a causal relationship is questionable. This study explored the prospective association bet...

Lipidomic insight into cardiovascular diseases.

Cardiovascular disease is a primary cause of mortality worldwide. Therefore, it is of major interest to identify sensitive molecular markers that predict cardiovascular events and point to therapeutic...

Efficacy of primary prevention for atherosclerosis-induced diseases in patients with high cardiovascular risk in Russia and other European countries (Part 1).

Evaluation of the effectiveness of risk management in persons with high cardiovascular risk is an important element in reducing the death rate of the population from cardiovascular diseases (CVD).

MicroRNAs as Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Diseases.

The fact that microRNAs play an important role in the development and pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease is beyond doubt. This article provides a brief overview of recent data that relate to micro...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.

Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)

Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.

Blood pressure levels that are between normotension and hypertension. Individuals with prehypertension are at a higher risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Generally, prehypertension is defined as SYSTOLIC PRESSURE of 131-139 mm Hg and/or DIASTOLIC PRESSURE of 81-89 when the optimal is 120/80 mm Hg. For diabetics and other metabolism diseases the prehypertension is around 110-129/70-79 mm Hg.

More From BioPortfolio on "Physical Fitness and Cardiovascular Mortality in Firefighters"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Statins
Statins (or HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors) are a class of drug used to lower cholesterol levels by inhibiting the enzyme HMG-CoA reductase, which plays a central role in the production of cholesterol in the liver. Increased cholesterol levels have been as...


Searches Linking to this Trial