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To examine hypotheses concerning the relationships between nutrient intake (in particular, specific fatty acids, antioxidant nutrients, and B vitamins), dietary patterns, plasma lipoproteins, and heart disease endpoints in the population-based Framingham Offspring Studies.
Longitudinal analyses were conducted on the associations between diet and cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary disease risk in approximately 3,800 Offspring men and women over eight years of follow-up (from 1984 to present). These analyses considered key nutrients as well as newly defined dietary patterns in Framingham men and women. Cross sectional analyses of diet and plasma lipoprotein relationships in Offspring men and women at two examinations (Exam 3, 1984-88; and Exam 5, 1991-94) were also conducted. All analyses evaluated the total (direct and indirect) and joint effects of dietary nutrients. Where appropriate, analyses controlled for plasma nutrient levels (folacin, vitamins B6 and B12 and homocysteine). The influence of potential confounding variables, effect modifiers, and intervening variables that lie in the causal pathway were examined, as appropriate to the statistical model, including traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors and apoE isoform status.
Several existing Framingham data sets were utilized, including comprehensive data sets on nutrient intake, cardiovascular disease risk factors, clinically verified cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary endpoints and other covariates. The Offspring Exam 3 and 5 nutrition data sets included multiple day assessments of dietary intake which improved the ability to detect relationships of interest. The investigators completed the Framingham Food Habit Questionnaire data set for Exam 5; this instrument included important covariates for the analyses (including vitamin supplement use).
Observational Model: Natural History
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:46-0400
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To develop a comprehensive protocol for assessing cardiovascular reactivity to stressors, for use in epidemiological and clinical investigations of cardiovascular diseases in healthy popul...
The Silesian Cardiovascular Database is an observational study of all patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases. The date include information on the clinical characteristics, tr...
Although alexithymia has been suggested to be associated with cardiovascular diseases, studies are scarce and a causal relationship is questionable. This study explored the prospective association bet...
To examine the trend of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors among a Middle Eastern population with prevalent CVD during a median follow up of 12 years.
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Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
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Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...