Advertisement

Topics

Epidemiology of Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism

2014-08-27 03:57:50 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To investigate venous thromboembolism in two carefully conducted prospective epidemiologic studies of African American and white adults -- the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study and the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS).

Description

BACKGROUND:

Venous thromboembolism, comprising deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Nevertheless, no comprehensive, prospective, population-based epidemiologic studies have simultaneously examined lifestyle, molecular, and biochemical risk factors for this important disease.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism cases were identified and verified in order to estimate incident rates of hospitalized venous thromboembolism in the combined ARIC and CHS cohorts. The association of venous thromboembolism was determined prospectively with demographic and lifestyle factors, plasma lipids, medical history, and hemostatic components (including fibrinogen, platelet count, factors VIIc and VIIIc) using existing ARIC and CHS data. A nested case control study was conducted using stored pre-diagnosis blood and DNA specimens to determine the prospective associations of venous thromboembolism with the following: levels of procoagulant or anticoagulant factors and related genetic variants (including factor V Leiden), fibrinolytic factors (e.g., plasminogen activator inhibitor-1) and related genetic variants, markers of thrombin activation, and other potentially important biochemical or related genetic factors (e.g., homocysteine).

The study was renewed in 2003 to extend event follow-up for four more years and to conduct longitudinal analyses of incidence and potential risk factors not fully explored such as diet, frailty, hormone replace therapy and obesity interactions. It was renewed in 2008 to conduct a genome wide association study.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Cardiovascular Diseases

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:50-0400

Clinical Trials [1232 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Cardiovascular Diseases in HIV-infected Subjects (HIV-HEART Study)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Even most industrialised countries exhibit a growing and aging population of HIV...

The Effects of Aerobic Exercise in Microvascular Endothelium Function in Patients With Cardiovascular Diseases

This study evaluates the effects of different volumes of aerobic exercise training in cardiovascular parameters of patients with cardiovascular diseases enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitatio...

ARROW:identificAtion of postpRandial biomaRkers tOWards Cardiovascular Prevention

The purpose of this study is to better understand the association between the postprandial biomarker responses after a food challenge with the development of cardiovascular diseases in hea...

Development, Testing, and Validation of A Protocol To Assess Cardiovascular Reactivity in Human Populations

To develop a comprehensive protocol for assessing cardiovascular reactivity to stressors, for use in epidemiological and clinical investigations of cardiovascular diseases in healthy popul...

Cardiovascular Diseases in the Silesian Region in Poland.

The Silesian Cardiovascular Database is an observational study of all patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases. The date include information on the clinical characteristics, tr...

PubMed Articles [11542 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Association between alexithymia and risk of incident cardiovascular diseases in the SUpplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU.VI.MAX) Cohort.

Although alexithymia has been suggested to be associated with cardiovascular diseases, studies are scarce and a causal relationship is questionable. This study explored the prospective association bet...

12-year trends in cardiovascular risk factors (2002-2005 through 2011-2014) in patients with cardiovascular diseases: Tehran lipid and glucose study.

To examine the trend of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors among a Middle Eastern population with prevalent CVD during a median follow up of 12 years.

Lipidomic insight into cardiovascular diseases.

Cardiovascular disease is a primary cause of mortality worldwide. Therefore, it is of major interest to identify sensitive molecular markers that predict cardiovascular events and point to therapeutic...

Introduction and Update on Obesity and Cardiovascular Diseases 2018.

Pharmacological Modulation of Vagal Nerve Activity in Cardiovascular Diseases.

Cardiovascular diseases are life-threatening illnesses with high morbidity and mortality. Suppressed vagal (parasympathetic) activity and increased sympathetic activity are involved in these diseases....

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.

Diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (e.g., heart attacks and stroke), CANCER, chronic respiratory diseases (e.g., CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and ASTHMA) and DIABETES MELLITUS.

Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)

Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.

More From BioPortfolio on "Epidemiology of Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Cardiology
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine.  Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...


Searches Linking to this Trial