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Studies suggest that estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) lowers the risk of coronary heart disease in postmenopausal women. However, it is not known whether higher endogenous levels of estrogens in the postmenopausal period likewise have a protective effect.
The study used an existing resource of frozen blood samples from a cohort of 7,058 postmenopausal women enrolled between 1985 and 1991 for a study of endogenous hormones and cancer. The cohort was followed up to identify incident cases of coronary heart disease. One hundred thirty cases of coronary heart disease (defined as nonfatal myocardial infarction or death from coronary heart disease) were expected to occur by the end of follow-up. A nested case-control study was conducted in which each case was matched to two women from the cohort who were the same age as the case, donated blood around the same time, and were alive and free of heart disease as of the date of diagnosis of the case. Frozen serum samples from cases and their matched controls were analyzed for total estradiol, bioavailable estradiol (the estradiol fraction not bound to sex hormone binding globulin) estrone, total cholesterol, and high- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Conditional logistic regression for matched sets were employed to determine whether estrogen levels were lower in the cases than their matched controls. The association between estrogen levels and cholesterol fractions was also investigated.
Observational Model: Natural History
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:35:33-0400
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Even most industrialised countries exhibit a growing and aging population of HIV...
This study evaluates the effects of different volumes of aerobic exercise training in cardiovascular parameters of patients with cardiovascular diseases enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitatio...
To develop a comprehensive protocol for assessing cardiovascular reactivity to stressors, for use in epidemiological and clinical investigations of cardiovascular diseases in healthy popul...
The Silesian Cardiovascular Database is an observational study of all patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases. The date include information on the clinical characteristics, tr...
The incidence of cardiovascular diseases is still high and further efforts should be done in primary prevention. The main objective is to quantify the burden of subclinical atherosclerosis...
Cardiovascular diseases possess a major cause for fatality and disability the world over. Since last several decades, the rates of cardiovascular diseases-related deaths have decreased in a number of ...
Although alexithymia has been suggested to be associated with cardiovascular diseases, studies are scarce and a causal relationship is questionable. This study explored the prospective association bet...
Cardiovascular disease is a primary cause of mortality worldwide. Therefore, it is of major interest to identify sensitive molecular markers that predict cardiovascular events and point to therapeutic...
Evaluation of the effectiveness of risk management in persons with high cardiovascular risk is an important element in reducing the death rate of the population from cardiovascular diseases (CVD).
The fact that microRNAs play an important role in the development and pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease is beyond doubt. This article provides a brief overview of recent data that relate to micro...
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
Blood pressure levels that are between normotension and hypertension. Individuals with prehypertension are at a higher risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Generally, prehypertension is defined as SYSTOLIC PRESSURE of 131-139 mm Hg and/or DIASTOLIC PRESSURE of 81-89 when the optimal is 120/80 mm Hg. For diabetics and other metabolism diseases the prehypertension is around 110-129/70-79 mm Hg.
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...