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Disability among those with asthma is common and costly. Little is known about the causes of disability in asthma; experience with other chronic diseases suggests that illness severity alone does not adequately predict disability. There is a theoretical and experimental basis upon which to postulate that other variables, including factors such as job flexibility, asthma self-efficacy, social supports, and cigarette smoking may be predictors of disability in asthma. The study helped to explain the inter-relationships among illness severity, other co-factors and disability in asthma, addressing a major research gap.
The study was a cross-sectional survey, including retrospective work history data. A random sample was conducted of 40 board certified pulmonologists in Northern California enrolling persons with asthma. Pulmonologists maintained a log of all persons meeting a clinical definition of asthma presenting to their offices for treatment over a one month period. A total of 601 subjects with any history of laborforce participation were interviewed by a trained survey worker in order to assess severity of disease using a severity scale based on symptoms, medications, and past-asthma history. The computer-assisted, telephone-administered interviews used established survey instruments to assess psychosocial variables, smoking exposure and work history.
Observational Model: Natural History
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:35:34-0400
To assess the separate and interactive effects of asthma severity, subspecialty practice variation, asthma-related psychosocial variables, and other factors on asthma outcomes, including a...
It is important for people with asthma to become involved in their asthma care and management. This study will evaluate an interactive Web site that provides tailored feedback and informat...
Families of children with asthma are admitted for asthma attacks very frequently compared to adults with asthma. They are given education about asthma but studies are needed to improve thi...
The purpose of this study is to determine if teaching children with asthma how to talk to their doctor about controlling their asthma including symptom frequency in an asthma diary and med...
This study aims to evaluate the asthma control status, asthma symptoms (severity, frequency, and limitations on activities, etc.), QOL, and use of drugs for asthma attack in adult asthma p...
Mepolizumab targets eosinophils in the treatment of asthma. The dose used for asthma is considerably lower than that used for treating eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, a recently approve...
A stepwise therapeutic management is recommended for asthma patients by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Little is known about the recommendations applied in real world settings. This study ai...
To investigate whether patients with moderate to severe asthma who commence an exercise training program in winter or summer show differences in exercise capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQo...
Asthma often debuts in early life (1). During childhood, the prevalence of asthma is higher in boys, but prevalence is higher in girls after puberty (2). The goal of asthma treatment is to achieve and...
Asthma attacks caused, triggered, or exacerbated by OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE.
Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).
Drugs that are used to treat asthma.
A beta-adrenergic agonist used in the treatment of asthma and bronchospasms.
Adrenergic beta-2 agonist used as bronchodilator for emphysema, bronchitis and asthma.
The term allergy is used to describe a response, within the body, to a substance, which is not necessarily harmful in itself, but results in an immune response and a reaction that causes symptoms and disease in a predisposed person, which in turn can cau...
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
Asthma is caused by inflammation of small tubes, called bronchi, which carry air in and out of the lungs. If you have asthma, the bronchi will be inflamed and more sensitive than normal. When you come into contact with something that irritates your...