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To extend analyses of blood pressure (BP) tracking to a period that spanned childhood and young adulthood. Data were used from the same cohort of 339 children who had been followed for nine to twelve years in a previous study.
Blood pressure measurements in childhood and young adulthood are less predictive of future levels than those taken in middle age. In part, this may be due to the fact that within-person variability appears to make up a larger proportion of total variability in childhood than adulthood. Previous work on an NHLBI supported grant indicated that repeated blood pressure measurements and visits led to higher childhood tracking correlations over a period of three years.
Follow-up data were used as well as multiple visits which reduced the large within-person variability of blood pressure measurements and improved the tracking correlations. In addition, 'true' or 'corrected' tracking correlations were provided by eliminating the effects of random measurement error. The effects were examined of time-varying covariates on both the observed and true tracking correlations. Besides computing tracking correlations, predictive values were computed for young adult blood pressure given childhood levels. This was the probability that a young adult's true blood pressure was above a specific cutpoint conditional on childhood blood pressure. These values were validated using data from the Fels Longitudinal Study, which included serial blood pressure measurements over the age range in the study. The prediction models were also derived including terms for covariates such as age, sex, height and weight. From these models nomograms were constructed which were useful to physicians for prognostic purposes. Thus, because of the unique multiple-visit approach used in these data, the effect of random measurement error was eliminated. These methodologic improvements strengthened the usefulness of blood pressure screening in childhood to detect those at high risk of developing hypertension.
Observational Model: Natural History
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:51-0400
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To develop a comprehensive protocol for assessing cardiovascular reactivity to stressors, for use in epidemiological and clinical investigations of cardiovascular diseases in healthy popul...
The Silesian Cardiovascular Database is an observational study of all patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases. The date include information on the clinical characteristics, tr...
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To examine the trend of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors among a Middle Eastern population with prevalent CVD during a median follow up of 12 years.
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Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
Blood pressure levels that are between normotension and hypertension. Individuals with prehypertension are at a higher risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Generally, prehypertension is defined as SYSTOLIC PRESSURE of 131-139 mm Hg and/or DIASTOLIC PRESSURE of 81-89 when the optimal is 120/80 mm Hg. For diabetics and other metabolism diseases the prehypertension is around 110-129/70-79 mm Hg.
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Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic, life-threatening disorder characterized by abnormally high blood pressure in the arteries between the heart and lungs of affected individuals. Symptoms can range from mild breathles...
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