Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
To conduct a cross-sectional epidemiologic study of the determinants of prolonged heart rate corrected QT interval (QTc) among 300 men and 300 woman in the population with the highest known risk of SUDS: Southeast Asian refugees in Thailand. .
Sudden and unexplained death in sleep (SUDS) is a leading cause of death of young men in several Asian populations. The immediate cause is ventricular fibrillation in the absence of known disease. A strong environmental component may be inferred from the regional nature of SUDS in groups that are culturally and genetically distinct and the rapid decline in rates of SUDS after migration of Southeast (SE) Asian refugees to the United States. Risk of SUDS rises sharply to a peak among men aged 35 years of age, then declines with increasing age. In a pilot studies of SE Asian refugee men in Thailand with the highest known risk of SUDS, the investigators documented high-prevalences of prolonged heart rate corrected QT interval (QTc), thiamine deficiency, hypokalemia, and a positive association between poor thiamine status, measured by erythrocyte transketolase activity (ETK), and QTc. These limited studies were unable to precisely quantify the relationship between QTc and thiamine status, lacked sufficient power to examine the relationship between QTc and hypokalemia, did not include other electrolytes, and did not address the striking differences in risk of SUDS by sex and age.
The study was cross-sectional in design. During a 14-month period, informed consent was obtained from subjects selected in an age-stratified random sample of refugees scheduled for routine medical screening. Blood samples, 12-lead and 24-hour ECGs, and interview data were collected to test the following hypotheses: (1) mean QTc was greater in men than women, (2) mean QTc was greater in men aged 30-39 years than in men younger or older; no similar relationship was expected among women, (3) QTc was positively correlated with poor thiamine status, measured by erythrocyte transketolase activity, (4-6) QTc was negatively correlated with serum levels of potassium, magnesium, and total calcium, and (7) QTc was associated with abnormalities of autonomic control of the heart, as indicated by power spectral analysis of heart rate variability. Secondary aims included studying interactions of thiamine status and electrolytes in the prolongation of QTc, dynamic analysis of QT variation by heart rate level in 24-hr ECGs, and collection of blood specimens for later genetic studies
Observational Model: Natural History
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:56:36-0400
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Even most industrialised countries exhibit a growing and aging population of HIV...
This study evaluates the effects of different volumes of aerobic exercise training in cardiovascular parameters of patients with cardiovascular diseases enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitatio...
To develop a comprehensive protocol for assessing cardiovascular reactivity to stressors, for use in epidemiological and clinical investigations of cardiovascular diseases in healthy popul...
The Silesian Cardiovascular Database is an observational study of all patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases. The date include information on the clinical characteristics, tr...
The incidence of cardiovascular diseases is still high and further efforts should be done in primary prevention. The main objective is to quantify the burden of subclinical atherosclerosis...
Cardiovascular diseases possess a major cause for fatality and disability the world over. Since last several decades, the rates of cardiovascular diseases-related deaths have decreased in a number of ...
Although alexithymia has been suggested to be associated with cardiovascular diseases, studies are scarce and a causal relationship is questionable. This study explored the prospective association bet...
Cardiovascular disease is a primary cause of mortality worldwide. Therefore, it is of major interest to identify sensitive molecular markers that predict cardiovascular events and point to therapeutic...
Evaluation of the effectiveness of risk management in persons with high cardiovascular risk is an important element in reducing the death rate of the population from cardiovascular diseases (CVD).
The fact that microRNAs play an important role in the development and pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease is beyond doubt. This article provides a brief overview of recent data that relate to micro...
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
Blood pressure levels that are between normotension and hypertension. Individuals with prehypertension are at a higher risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Generally, prehypertension is defined as SYSTOLIC PRESSURE of 131-139 mm Hg and/or DIASTOLIC PRESSURE of 81-89 when the optimal is 120/80 mm Hg. For diabetics and other metabolism diseases the prehypertension is around 110-129/70-79 mm Hg.
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...