Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The development of asthma requires exposure to inciting agents such as allergens and environmental pollutants, as well as the presence of host or genetic factors. Understanding the genetics of bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) and allergy will delineate mechanisms that are important in the pathogenesis and therapy of asthma. While both genetic and environmental factors and their interactions are felt to be important, their precise role is not fully understood.
The probands are from the 'asthma' center Beatrixoord in Haren, The Netherlands which was started in 1962. In collaboration with Dr Dirkje Postma of Holland, data are available on approximately 1200 patients who were first studied in 1963-1970 using the same protocol. Family studies of the children and grandchildren of these original probands are underway. At this time, 85 complete families have been characterized and clinical data and DNA are available for analysis in Baltimore. Families are being ascertained so that the investigators can test the fit of genetic models through segregation analyses. The major aim of the study is to identify major genes for bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) and asthma by linkage with highly polymorphic DNA markers. Since allergy is commonly associated with asthma, a second goal of the study is to identify major genes for atopy using similar linkage studies. Allergic factors under study include skin test reactivity to common allergens, serum total and specific IgE levels, and blood eosinophilia. Complex segregation analysis will be performed separately for asthma, BHR and allergy. The most parsimonious model from the segregation analysis will be used for linkage analysis. Initially, candidate regions of the genome will be evaluated. Then, a systematic search of the genome will be performed using highly polymorphic informative makers. When a linkage is detected, candidate genes in that specific area will be studied.
The study was renewed in FY 1999 and in FY 2004 to: further characterize asthma and closely related phenotypes; perform genetic modeling (complex segregation analysis) using one and two locus models as well as bivariate segregation analysis; complete the genome wide screen; fine map regions of interest and identify candidate genes, perform linkage disequilibrium and haplotype sharing analyses; and perform case control analysis of susceptibility and severity candidate genes for asthma.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:52-0400
To assess the separate and interactive effects of asthma severity, subspecialty practice variation, asthma-related psychosocial variables, and other factors on asthma outcomes, including a...
It is important for people with asthma to become involved in their asthma care and management. This study will evaluate an interactive Web site that provides tailored feedback and informat...
Families of children with asthma are admitted for asthma attacks very frequently compared to adults with asthma. They are given education about asthma but studies are needed to improve thi...
The purpose of this study is to determine if teaching children with asthma how to talk to their doctor about controlling their asthma including symptom frequency in an asthma diary and med...
This study aims to evaluate the asthma control status, asthma symptoms (severity, frequency, and limitations on activities, etc.), QOL, and use of drugs for asthma attack in adult asthma p...
Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases of childhood. For children with persistent asthma, asthma control is largely related to controller medication adherence. With increasing calls for chi...
Many asthmatic women of childbearing age experience cyclical aggravation of asthmatic symptoms during the perimenstrual period, or perimenstrual asthma (PMA). PMA is considered to be a difficult-to-tr...
A stepwise therapeutic management is recommended for asthma patients by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Little is known about the recommendations applied in real world settings. This study ai...
To investigate whether patients with moderate to severe asthma who commence an exercise training program in winter or summer show differences in exercise capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQo...
Asthma attacks caused, triggered, or exacerbated by OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE.
Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).
Drugs that are used to treat asthma.
A beta-adrenergic agonist used in the treatment of asthma and bronchospasms.
Adrenergic beta-2 agonist used as bronchodilator for emphysema, bronchitis and asthma.
Asthma is caused by inflammation of small tubes, called bronchi, which carry air in and out of the lungs. If you have asthma, the bronchi will be inflamed and more sensitive than normal. When you come into contact with something that irritates your...
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
The term allergy is used to describe a response, within the body, to a substance, which is not necessarily harmful in itself, but results in an immune response and a reaction that causes symptoms and disease in a predisposed person, which in turn can cau...