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To determine if there were immune sequelae related to the long-term donation of blood or blood products.
The study had two objectives. The first objective was to investigate changes in immune function which may have occurred as a result of blood, plasma, or platelet donations. Preliminary studies had shown evidence of alterations in immune parameters in normal apheresis donors with the most marked changes occurring in long-term plasmapheresis donors. To ascertain whether donation of blood or blood products altered specific immune parameters, studies were conducted on white blood cell (WBC) receptors known to be involved in normal host defense mechanisms, lymphocyte subpopulations, plasma proteins, and complement activation products from 30 individuals in each of four separate donor groups: whole blood donors, bulk plasma donors, plasma donors stimulated with incompatible RBC, and platelet donors. Donor immune data were compared with results in nondonor controls and were also correlated with demographic data, donation history, laboratory data, and clinical findings. The second objective of the study was to determine if changes in an individual donor's immune status occurred over time. A longitudinal study of 15 new donors in each donation group was performed to evaluate alterations in immune function that may have occurred in committed donors of blood products and whether there was any clinical significance to the findings. New donors were enrolled in donation groups and followed longitudinally for a period of up to two years.
The study was extended through January, 1997 on FY 1995 funds.
Observational Model: Natural History, Time Perspective: Longitudinal
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:52-0400
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The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a blood disease (HEMATOLOGIC DISEASES) which involves BLOOD CELLS or COAGULATION FACTORS. The hematologic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.
The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.
The degree to which the blood supply for BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS is free of harmful substances or infectious agents, and properly typed and crossmatched (BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSSMATCHING) to insure serological compatibility between BLOOD DONORS and recipients.
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An X-linked inherited metabolic disease caused by a deficiency of lysosomal ALPHA-GALACTOSIDASE A. It is characterized by intralysosomal accumulation of globotriaosylceramide and other GLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS in blood vessels throughout the body leading to multi-system complications including renal, cardiac, cerebrovascular, and skin disorders.
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Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
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