Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Cardiovascular abnormalities have been reported in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) clinically, echocardiographically and at autopsy. Pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade, echocardiographic abnormalities and clinical cardiomyopathy with right and left-sided congestive heart failure have all been reported as isolated case reports or in small retrospective series of patients with AIDS who had echocardiograms. The frequency with which abnormalities specifically related to AIDS were found in consecutively studied patients was not known in 1988 when the study began.
The etiology of these abnormalities was also unclear. Since HIV infection resulted in profound suppression of T-cell macrophage-mediated immunity in AIDS and since there were significant abnormalities in B-cell lymphocyte function resulting in abnormalities of humoral immunity, there were frequently life threatening superinfections by bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and viral organisms. Some of these, such as herpes simplex, cytomegalovirus, cryptococcosis, toxoplasmosis and histoplasmosis, were known to cause pericarditis and myocarditis in the absence of AIDS so the presence of definite myocardial disease in AIDS did not prove that the disease was due to the HIV organism.
Using echocardiography to study cardiac structure and function in a small series of patients with AIDS, abnormalities have been identified in from 25 to 75 percent of patients. All of these studies were retrospective; none was prospective with controls. Furthermore, all types of echocardiographic abnormalities have been described including the presence of pericardial fluid, mitral valve prolapse, chamber size abnormalities, and wall motion abnormalities. Although these abnormalities could have been due to infection with the HIV organism there were many other possible reasons for the echocardiographic abnormalities. Among AIDS patients there was a high incidence of intravenous drug and alcohol abuse, patients in whom cardiac abnormalities were common.
Since there were no echocardiographic studies comparing HIV antibody- positive groups of patients to appropriate controls, it was not known whether the high reported incidence of echocardiographic abnormalities was related specifically to the HIV infection, to superinfection with other organisms, or was related to factors other than AIDS.
This project was part of an Institute-initiated study on AIDS-Associated Heart Disease in Adults. In September 1987 the concept was approved by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Advisory Council and a Request for Applications was released. Awards were made in July 1988.
Patients were recruited from the in-patient out-patient clinics and wards of the San Francisco General Hospital and the Moffitt-Long Hospitals. A medical history was obtained and a physical examination conducted which included an electrocardiogram, chest x-rays and Doppler echocardiogram. All studies were repeated every four months for four years in HIV-positive groups. If clinical evidence of cardiac disease appeared, all studies including chest x-ray were repeated at that time. If there was normal systolic function in patients with definite left ventricular failure, a radionuclide angiogram was obtained to further evaluate left ventricular diastolic function.
Observational Model: Natural History
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:58-0400
Genetically inherited heart diseases like hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are conditions affecting the heart passed on to family members by abnormalities in genetic information. These co...
This project aimed to optimize the therapeutic strategy for structural heart disease by choosing optimal treatment, such as,surgical treatment,interventional and surgery combined with inte...
The objective of the study is to investigate congenital disorders of glycosylation in congenital heart diseases without a clear molecular or genetic basis.
Congenital heart disease is one of the most common malformations in newborns. About 1% of newborns have cardiac malformations. Many need open heart surgery, which contributes substantial...
To evaluate the effectiveness of Take Heart, a behavioral/educational program for adults age 50+ with heart disease, or with at least two risk factors for heart disease, that helps them to...
Previously, our group reported that lymphotropic hepatitis C virus (HCV) could induce various kinds of immune-dysfunctions. The immune-dysfunctions could cause vascular disease by inducing cryoglobuli...
Little is known about heart diseases and their treatment in rural sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to describe the occurrence, characteristics, and etiologies of heart diseases, and the medication...
The increasing of lifetime industrial countries population leads to widespreading diseases of age. Dramatic growth of sclerodegenerative heart valve diseases in last decades is one of the best example...
Congenital heart diseases are the most common type of congenital defects, and account for more deaths in the first year of life than any other condition, when infectious etiologies are ruled out.
Endothelin-1 (ET-1), a 21-amino acid peptide, was initially identified in 1988 as a potent vasoconstrictor and pressor substance isolated from the culture supernatant of porcine aortic endothelial cel...
Occlusion of the outflow tract in either the LEFT VENTRICLE or the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart. This may result from CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS, predisposing heart diseases, complications of surgery, or HEART NEOPLASMS.
Diseases characterized by pathological irregularities in the HEART CONDUCTION SYSTEM. They may be associated with other heart diseases and syndromes (e.g., BRUGADA SYNDROME; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASE, HEART BLOCKS), isolated or may result from injuries. You can have a conduction disorder without having an arrhythmia, but some arrhythmias arise from conduction disorders. OMIM: 601144.
Diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (e.g., heart attacks and stroke), CANCER, chronic respiratory diseases (e.g., CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and ASTHMA) and DIABETES MELLITUS.
Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.
A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...