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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining more than one chemotherapy drug with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of thoracic radiation using an accelerated boost with concurrent chemotherapy in patients with small cell lung cancer. II. Evaluate the response rate and overall survival in these patients. III. Reduce the toxic effects of treatment to esophagus and lungs.
OUTLINE: This is a radiation dose escalation study. Patients are sequentially accrued to one of four radiation dose levels. Dose level 1: Patients receive radiotherapy 5 days a week for 4 weeks followed by radiation boost given daily for 2 days, then twice daily for 3 days during week 5. (Closed to accrual 6/98) Dose level 2: Patients receive radiotherapy 5 days a week for 4 weeks followed by radiation boost given twice daily for 5 days during week 5. (Closed to accrual 9/24/99) Dose level 3: Patients receive radiotherapy 5 days a week for 18 days followed by radiation boost given in the evenings on days 19 and 20, then twice daily for 5 days during week 5. (Closed to accrual 5/5/00) Dose level 4: Patients receive radiotherapy 5 days a week for 16 days followed by radiation boost given in the evenings on days 17-20, then twice daily for 5 days during week 5. The fifth dose level is the same as the first dose level. (Closed to accrual 3/19/99) Cohorts of 5 patients are entered at each radiation dose level. If one patient experiences nonhematologic dose limiting toxicity (DLT), 5 additional patients are treated at that level. If no further DLT occurs, escalation to the next arm proceeds. Patients receive cisplatin IV plus etoposide IV on day 1 of radiotherapy and oral etoposide on days 2 and 3 every 3 weeks for 4 courses. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 2 years and then annually thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 20-40 patients will be accrued for this study within 5-10 months.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
cisplatin, etoposide, radiation therapy
University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:06-0400
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin and etoposide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from divid...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Com...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, irinotecan, carboplatin, and etoposide, use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiatio...
RATIONALE: Nelfinavir may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Nelfinavir m...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin and etoposide, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-en...
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a very aggressive form of lung cancer. SCLC treatment requires multidisciplinary management and timely treatment. Radiation therapy is an important part of management ...
Advanced-stage, platinum-resistant, ovarian cancer can be treated with dose-intense chemotherapy; one such regimen includes intravenous cisplatin and oral etoposide. To minimize the toxicity associate...
In patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who undergo trimodality therapy (chemoradiation followed by surgical resection), it is unknown whether limiting preoperative radiation dose to the u...
Carboplatin is widely used to treat lung cancer in the United States as an alternative to cisplatin. Several studies have demonstrated that cisplatin-based regimen is associated with a high frequency ...
To revise the recommendation on the use of concurrent chemotherapy (CC) with palliative thoracic external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) made in the original 2011 American Society for Radiation Oncolog...
Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.
A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.
Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.
Organs which might be damaged during exposure to a toxin or to some form of therapy. It most frequently refers to healthy organs located in the radiation field during radiation therapy.
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...