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Study of the Pathogenesis of Rett Syndrome

2014-08-27 03:58:09 | BioPortfolio

Summary

OBJECTIVES: I. Extend current knowledge of the phenotype and natural history of Rett syndrome (RS).

II. Continue the search for a cytogenetic and/or DNA marker. III. Study the effects of cholinergic drugs based on preliminary evidence for reduced levels of brain acetylcholine, while continuing supportive care to modify seizures, respiratory abnormalities, and motor disturbances, and improve nutrition, behavior, and learning.

IV. Identify targets for future therapeutic interventions, e.g., growth factors, to influence neurologic recovery.

Description

PROTOCOL OUTLINE: Patients receive a comprehensive clinical evaluation including an ophthalmologic exam; speech, communication, and developmental assessment; nutritional evaluation; neurologic exam; respiratory monitoring; and cytogenetic studies.

Selected patients with malnutrition are given night feedings of Pediasure with Fiber by nasogastric tube. Specific recommendations for feeding techniques and diet are made.

Selected patients with seizures or severe hyperventilation and progressive rigidity are nonrandomly assigned to dextromethorphan or topiramate therapy.

Oral dextromethorphan is maintained 6 months to 1 year; duration of therapy depends on response. Oral topiramate is given for 6 months to 1 year, and Aricept for 6 months to 1 year.

Concurrent anticonvulsants may require dose adjustments while on above protocols. Supportive care for constipation, scoliosis, and weight loss is allowed.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Rett Syndrome

Intervention

dextromethorphan, topiramate, Donepezil

Status

Completed

Source

Office of Rare Diseases (ORD)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:09-0400

Clinical Trials [1061 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Independent Studies of Dextromethorphan and of Donepezil Hydrochloride for Rett Syndrome

Rett syndrome (RTT) is a disorder in which the nervous system does not develop properly. RTT generally affects girls, but there are some boys who have been diagnosed with RTT. Symptoms of ...

Trial of Dextromethorphan in Rett Syndrome

Increased brain glutamate and its NMDA receptors found in the brain of younger Rett syndrome (RTT) patients cause toxic damage to neurons (the brain's nerve cells), and contributing to EEG...

Pharmacological Treatment of Rett Syndrome With Statins

This is a phase 2 , open label, dose escalating study of Lovastatin in Rett syndrome.

A Safety Study of NNZ-2566 in Pediatric Rett Syndrome

The purpose of this study is to determine whether NNZ-2566 is safe and well tolerated in the treatment of Rett syndrome in children and adolescents.

Functional Abilities in Rett Syndrome

The purpose of this study is to evaluate and determinate the functional abilities in Rett syndrome conforming to the established Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI).

PubMed Articles [4702 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Bone status in relation to ambulatory performance in girls with Rett syndrome: a 10-year longitudinal study.

Low bone mass is a frequent and early complication of girls with Rett syndrome. As a consequence of the low bone mass, Rett patients are at an increased risk of fragility fractures. This study aimed t...

Walking on treadmill with Rett syndrome-Effects on the autonomic nervous system.

People with Rett syndrome have deficient central autonomic control, which may interfere with walking. We have limited knowledge regarding the effects of exertion during physical activity in Rett syndr...

Neurophysiological and cognitive effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in three girls with Rett Syndrome with chronic language impairments.

this study was based on both neurophysiological decelerated activity and communication deficits in Rett Syndrome (RTT).

Rett syndrome from bench to bedside: recent advances.

Rett Syndrome is a severe neurological disorder mainly due to mutations in the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene ( ). Mecp2 is known to play a role in chromatin organization and transcriptional regul...

Aerophagia and subcutaneous emphysema in a patient with Rett syndrome.

A patient with Rett syndrome presented to our Emergency Department with extensive subcutaneous emphysema in the cervical region, chest wall, upper extremities, and back. Diagnostic evaluation revealed...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A DNA-binding protein that interacts with methylated CPG ISLANDS. It plays a role in repressing GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and is frequently mutated in RETT SYNDROME.

An inherited neurological developmental disorder that is associated with X-LINKED INHERITANCE and may be lethal in utero to hemizygous males. The affected female is normal until the age of 6-25 months when progressive loss of voluntary control of hand movements and communication skills; ATAXIA; SEIZURES; autistic behavior; intermittent HYPERVENTILATION; and HYPERAMMONEMIA appear. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p199)

Dextro form of levorphanol. It acts as a noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist, among other effects, and has been proposed as a neuroprotective agent. It is also a metabolite of DEXTROMETHORPHAN.

Condition with a variable constellation of phenotypes due to deletion polymorphisms at chromosome location 22q11. It encompasses several syndromes with overlapping abnormalities including the DIGEORGE SYNDROME, VELOCARDIOFACIAL SYNDROME, and CONOTRUNCAL AMOMALY FACE SYNDROME. In addition, variable developmental problems and schizoid features are also associated with this syndrome. (From BMC Med Genet. 2009 Feb 25;10:16) Not all deletions at 22q11 result in the 22q11deletion syndrome.

Methyl analog of DEXTRORPHAN that shows high affinity binding to several regions of the brain, including the medullary cough center. This compound is an NMDA receptor antagonist (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE) and acts as a non-competitive channel blocker. It is one of the widely used ANTITUSSIVES, and is also used to study the involvement of glutamate receptors in neurotoxicity.

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