Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Compare the efficacy and side effects of allopurinol versus glucantime versus allopurinol/glucantime in patients in Brazil with cutaneous leishmaniasis.
This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified by participating institution.
One group is treated with daily intramuscular injections of glucantime. Patients with less than a complete response on Day 21 continue treatment until lesions heal completely or for a maximum of 60 days. Patients with progressive disease on Day 40 are removed from study.
The second group is treated with daily oral allopurinol. Patients with a partial response on Day 21 continue treatment until lesions heal completely. Patients with stable or progressive disease on Day 21 or unhealed lesions on Day 56 cross to glucantime therapy. Accrual into this group was closed in 6/96.
The third group receives allopurinol and glucantime.
Patients are followed at 3, 6, and 9 months, then annually for at least 5 years.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Office of Rare Diseases (ORD)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2010-07-15T17:00:00-0400
Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a parasitic skin lesion caused by different species of Leishmania and transmitted by the bite of infected sand flies. Leishmaniasis is exist in 88 countries, pen...
The adequate treatment of the American tegumentary leishmaniasis is crucial since the disease, differently from the caused by the Old World species, is painful and not self-healing and may...
It is a randomized phase II clinical study, unicentre aimed to evaluate the tolerability, safety and efficacy of 18-Methoxyoronaridine as a candidate of tegumentary leishmaniasis treatment...
The hypothesis of this trial is that the therapeutic activity and safety of oral miltefosine in Brazilian patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis is similar or superior to the intravenous st...
To evaluate safety and efficacy of BCX4208 alone and in combination with allopurinol in subjects with gout.
Visceral leishmaniasis is a systemic disease that is potentially severe and endemic in Brazil. It clinically manifests as fever, weight loss, swelling, hepatosplenomegaly, paleness, and edema. In this...
This clinical case presents a patient with a raised and ulcerative lesion with erythematous edges in the mouth, on the lower lip that was unsuccessfully treated as herpes labialis. Clinical data and l...
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a serious health challenge at the global level due to Leishmania tropica. This study was conducted to evaluate the risk factors associated with anthroponotic CL (ACL) i...
Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) treatment is based on therapy with Glucantime , yet there are few laboratory methods to monitor its success. In this study, ex vivo and in vitro evaluations of peripheral ...
Allopurinol hypersensitivity syndrome (AHS) is a severe and sometimes life-threatening adverse drug reaction. Although AHS is rare, the number of patients with gout requiring allopurinol is high, and ...
A disease caused by any of a number of species of protozoa in the genus LEISHMANIA. There are four major clinical types of this infection: cutaneous (Old and New World) (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS), diffuse cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS), mucocutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, MUCOCUTANEOUS), and visceral (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL).
A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals including rodents. The Leishmania mexicana complex causes both cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS) and diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS) and includes the subspecies amazonensis, garnhami, mexicana, pifanoi, and venezuelensis. L. m. mexicana causes chiclero ulcer, a form of cutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS) in the New World. The sandfly, Lutzomyia, appears to be the vector.
A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania viannia that infects man and animals. It causes cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS), diffuse cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS), and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, MUCOCUTANEOUS) depending on the subspecies of this organism. The sandfly, Lutzomyia, is the vector. The Leishmania braziliensis complex includes the subspecies braziliensis and peruviana. Uta, a form of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the New World, is caused by the subspecies peruviana.
An endemic disease that is characterized by the development of single or multiple localized lesions on exposed areas of skin that typically ulcerate. The disease has been divided into Old and New World forms. Old World leishmaniasis is separated into three distinct types according to epidemiology and clinical manifestations and is caused by species of the L. tropica and L. aethiopica complexes as well as by species of the L. major genus. New World leishmaniasis, also called American leishmaniasis, occurs in South and Central America and is caused by species of the L. mexicana or L. braziliensis complexes.
A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania viannia that infects man and animals and causes mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, MUCOCUTANEOUS). Transmission is by Lutzomyia sandflies.