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I. Assess the efficacy and safety of selective dorsal rhizotomy and physiotherapy compared with physiotherapy alone in improving gross motor function and reducing spasticity in children with spastic diplegia.
PROTOCOL OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified by age and the ability to ambulate 50 feet unaided. Each stratum is block randomized.
Patients are randomly assigned to surgery plus intensive physical therapy versus intensive physical therapy alone.
The surgical procedure is a selective dorsal rhizotomy. Physical therapy (PT) includes passive and active range of motion, facilitation of isolated muscle control, transitional movements, strengthening, transfer skills, and gait training. The PT schedule is 2-hour sessions 5 days a week for 1 month, 1-hour sessions 5 days a week for 5 months, then a standard therapy program for the remainder of the study (total of 6 months). Parents supervise exercise on non-PT days.
Patients are followed at 6, 12, and 24 months.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Surgery, Physical therapy
Active, not recruiting
Office of Rare Diseases (ORD)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:56:49-0400
We will conduct a random control trial comparing 3 months of intensive leg exercise to standard physiotherapy care for the improvement of motor function in the legs in young children with ...
The purpose of this study is to characterize the cortical connectivity changes in the brain of spastic diplegic children after Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy.
This is a randomized controlled trial, comparing 3 months of intensive leg exercise to standard physiotherapy care for the improvement of gross motor function in young children with spasti...
It will be hypothesized that strengthening the calf muscles will improve standing efficiency in children with spastic diplegia.
The purpose of this study is to compare movement variations before and after the loaded training, with kinematics, kinetics, and electromyography, in children with spastic diplegia and to ...
Short-term benefit on gait of selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) surgery, which relieves spasticity of the lower extremities has been demonstrated in children with cerebral palsy (CP). However very litt...
To monitor changes in time spent on pediatric physical therapy actions during a COPing With and CAring for Infants With Special Needs (COPCA) course.
The hip is the joint most exposed to orthopaedic complications in cerebral palsy (CP) which is the main cause of spasticity in paediatric patients. The initial immaturity of the hip allows the forces ...
A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)
Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY (SPECIALTY) by physical therapists or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
Persons trained in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY to make use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction.
The auxiliary health profession by which PHYSICAL THERAPISTS make use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction of anatomic or physiological origin.
The auxiliary health profession which makes use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction of anatomic or physiologic origin.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...