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Hippocampal Complex Volume and Memory Dysfunction in Cushing's Syndrome

2014-07-23 21:56:51 | BioPortfolio

Summary

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate whether chronic hypercortisolemia is specifically toxic to hippocampal cells and causes structural reduction of hippocampal volume in patients with Cushing's syndrome.

II. Determine whether reduced hippocampal volume is associated with specific memory dysfunction.

III. Examine the relationships of adrenal androgen to hippocampal volume and memory dysfunction.

IV. Examine the reversibility of hippocampal structural changes and cognitive dysfunction after cortisol levels are normalized.

Description

PROTOCOL OUTLINE: Patients undergo a psychiatric evaluation for mood and cognition during confirmation of diagnosis. Neuropsychologic exams include pencil and paper test and a cognitive assessment.

Endocrine studies include dexamethasone and corticotropin-releasing hormone stimulation tests. The hippocampal complex volume is assessed with coronal magnetic resonance imaging.

There is a follow-up 1 year after the initiation of treatment.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Screening

Conditions

Cushing's Syndrome

Location

University of Michigan Health Systems
Ann Arbor
Michigan
United States
48109

Status

Completed

Source

National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:56:51-0400

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PubMed Articles [4782 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition caused by prolonged exposure to excess levels of cortisol (HYDROCORTISONE) or other GLUCOCORTICOIDS from endogenous or exogenous sources. It is characterized by upper body OBESITY; OSTEOPOROSIS; HYPERTENSION; DIABETES MELLITUS; HIRSUTISM; AMENORRHEA; and excess body fluid. Endogenous Cushing syndrome or spontaneous hypercortisolism is divided into two groups, those due to an excess of ADRENOCORTICOTROPIN and those that are ACTH-independent.

Sampling of blood levels of the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) by withdrawal of blood from the inferior petrosal sinus. The inferior petrosal sinus arises from the cavernous sinus and runs to the internal jugular vein. Sampling of blood at this level is a valuable tool in the differential diagnosis of Cushing disease, Cushing syndrome, and other adrenocortical diseases.

An inhibitor of the enzyme STEROID 11-BETA-MONOOXYGENASE. It is used as a test of the feedback hypothalamic-pituitary mechanism in the diagnosis of CUSHING SYNDROME.

Excess production of ADRENAL CORTEX HORMONES such as ALDOSTERONE; HYDROCORTISONE; DEHYDROEPIANDROSTERONE; and/or ANDROSTENEDIONE. Hyperadrenal syndromes include CUSHING SYNDROME; HYPERALDOSTERONISM; and VIRILISM.

A small tumor of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland whose cells stain with basic dyes. It may give rise to excessive secretion of ACTH, resulting in CUSHING SYNDROME. (Dorland, 27th ed)

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