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PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy in treating patients who have stage IIB, stage III, or stage IV cancer of the nasopharynx.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the complete and overall response rate to docetaxel, cisplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin calcium in patients with potentially curable nasopharyngeal cancer. II. Assess the tolerability of this regimen in these patients.
OUTLINE: Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour followed 1 hour later by cisplatin IV over 4 hours and fluorouracil IV and leucovorin calcium IV over 96 hours. Filgrastim (G-CSF) is administered subcutaneously beginning on day 5 and continuing until blood counts recover or day 10. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 3 courses. Within 2 weeks after the completion of chemotherapy, patients undergo definitive radiotherapy for about 7 weeks. After radiotherapy, patients who did not achieve complete remission after chemotherapy may undergo surgery. Patients are followed monthly for 1 year, then every 3 months thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 45 patients will be accrued for this study.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Head and Neck Cancer
filgrastim, cisplatin, docetaxel, fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, radiation therapy
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:20-0400
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The active metabolite of FOLIC ACID. Leucovorin is used principally as its calcium salt as an antidote to folic acid antagonists which block the conversion of folic acid to folinic acid.
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An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.
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