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RATIONALE: Biological therapy using growth factors may be effective in reducing side effects in patients who have hematologic cancer and are receiving radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and peripheral stem cell transplantation.
PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to study the effectiveness of biological therapy to reduce side effects in patients who are undergoing radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating lymphoma or leukemia.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the efficacy of recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor (rHuKGF) in reducing severe oral mucositis induced by total body irradiation and high dose chemotherapy in patients with hematologic malignancies. II. Compare the incidence of severe oral mucositis, the use of transdermal or perenteral opioid analgesics, and the incidence and duration of grade 2-4 diarrhea with or without rHuKGF in these patients. III. Determine the quality of life of these patients. IV. Determine the duration of febrile neutropenia and the duration of treatment with intravenous antifungals or antibiotics in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to center. Patients are randomized to one of three treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor (rHuKGF) IV on days -11 to -9, -5, and 0 to 2. Total body irradiation (TBI) is administered twice a day on days -8 to -5. Patients receive etoposide IV over 4 hours on day -4 and cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on day -2 (some patients may receive an alternate regimen of ifosfamide IV over 1 hour on days-4 to 0 followed each day by etoposide IV over 23 hours). Filgrastim (G-CSF) is administered subcutaneously (SQ) beginning on day 0 and continuing for up to 21 days until blood counts recover. Autologous peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) are infused on day 0. Arm II: Patients receive rHuKGF on days -11 to -9 and -5 as in arm I. Placebo is administered on days 0 to 2. TBI, chemotherapy, and PBSC transplantation are administered as in arm I. Arm III: Patients receive placebo on days -11 to -9, -5, and 0 to 2. TBI, chemotherapy, and PBSC transplantation are administered as in arm I. Quality of life is assessed prior to treatment, daily during therapy and until day 28 after transplantation. Patients are followed at day 28 and approximately day 60-100.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: At least 111 patients (37 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 15 months.
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
filgrastim, palifermin, cyclophosphamide, etoposide, ifosfamide, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, quality-of-life assessment, radiation therapy
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:25-0400
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A sulfhydryl compound used to prevent urothelial toxicity by inactivating metabolites from ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS, such as IFOSFAMIDE or CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE.
Hematopoietic stem cells found in peripheral blood circulation.
Positional isomer of CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE which is active as an alkylating agent and an immunosuppressive agent.
A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.
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