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RATIONALE: IL-4(38-37)-PE38KDEL immunotoxin may locate tumor cells and kill them without harming normal cells. This may be an effective treatment for recurrent malignant astrocytoma.
PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of IL-4(38-37)-PE38KDEL immunotoxin in treating patients who have recurrent malignant astrocytoma.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of intratumorally infused IL-4(38-37)-PE38KDEL immunotoxin in patients with recurrent malignant astrocytoma. II. Determine the safety of this regimen in these patients. III. Determine preliminarily any efficacy of this regimen in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation, multicenter study. Patients undergo a stereotactic biopsy under MR/CT guidance. Catheters are then placed into the tumor under stereotactic guidance. The catheter is filled with IL-4(38-37)-PE38KDEL immunotoxin (IL-4 toxin), with infusion beginning 24 hours after catheter insertion. The IL-4 toxin is infused over 4 days. The catheter is removed 45 minutes after the infusion is completed and a MR scan is performed. Cohorts of 3 patients each receive escalating doses of IL-4 toxin until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is reached. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding the dose at which 2 of 3 patients experience dose limiting toxicity. Patients are followed every 4 weeks for 16 weeks, then every 8 weeks for up to 3 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 30 patients will be accrued for this study.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
interleukin-4 PE38KDEL cytotoxin, isolated perfusion, surgical procedure
University of Southern California, Healthcare Consultation Center
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:31-0400
RATIONALE: Interleukin-4 PE38KDEL cytotoxin may be able to deliver cancer-killing substances directly to solid tumor cells. PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of intravenou...
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An interleukin receptor subunit that was originally discovered as a component of the INTERLEUKIN 2 RECEPTOR. It was subsequently found to be a component of several other receptors including the INTERLEUKIN 4 RECEPTOR, the INTERLEUKIN 7 RECEPTOR, the INTERLEUKIN-9 RECEPTOR, the INTERLEUKIN-15 RECEPTOR, and the INTERLEUKIN-21 RECEPTOR. Mutations in the gene for the interleukin common gamma chain have been associated with X-LINKED COMBINED IMMUNODEFICIENCY DISEASES.
Cell surface receptors for INTERLEUKIN-13. Included under this heading are the INTERLEUKIN-13 RECEPTOR ALPHA2 which is a monomeric receptor and the INTERLEUKIN-4 RECEPTOR TYPE II which has specificity for both INTERLEUKIN-4 and INTERLEUKIN-13.
An incision made during a surgical procedure.
A cytokine subunit that is a component of both interleukin-12 and interleukin-23. It binds to the INTERLEUKIN-12 SUBUNIT P35 via a disulfide bond to form interleukin-12 and to INTERLEUKIN-23 SUBUNIT P19 to form interleukin-23.
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