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RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the optimal dose of Thompson-Friedenreich [TF(c)]-keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) conjugate plus adjuvant QS21 that induces an antibody response in patients with prostate cancer. II. Determine the safety of the TF(c)-KLH conjugate prepared using an MBS heterobifunctional linker plus QS21. III. Assess postimmunization changes in prostate specific antigen levels and other objective parameters of disease in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study. Patients receive TF(c)-KLH conjugate with adjuvant QS21 subcutaneously weekly for 3 weeks, then once during weeks 7 and 19. Cohorts of 5 patients each receive escalating doses of TF(c)-KLH vaccine until the optimal dose, based on antibody response, is reached. Patients are followed monthly for 6 months, then every 3 months for 1 year.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 20 patients will be accrued for this study within 6 months.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
QS21, TF(c)-KLH conjugate vaccine, Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen, keyhole limpet hemocyanin
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:32-0400
The purpose of this research is to help us study a vaccine treatment for patients with prostate cancer. A vaccine is a medicine that teaches the body to destroy harmful infections and othe...
RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Biological therapies, such as QS21, use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer ce...
RATIONALE: Biological therapies use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cells from growing. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from...
RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Biological therapies such as QS21 use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cell...
A Phase I, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled HIV-1 Vaccine Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of Low Dose MN rsgp120/HIV-1 (Genentech) in Combination With QS21 Adjuvant or Alum in Healthy Adults
To expand the safety information regarding MN rsgp 120/HIV-1 formulated with QS21 or alum. To evaluate the immunogenicity of low doses of MN rsgp 120/HIV-1 formulated with QS21 or alum. ...
Most cases of complicated pneumonia in children are caused by pneumococcal infections. Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen (TA) is present on erythrocytes, platelets and glomeruli, and it can be activated du...
A semi-synthetic strategy for the obtainment of monophosphoryl lipid A derivatives equipped with clickable (azide, alkyne, double bond, a thiol precursor) moieties, starting from the native lipid A is...
An experimental contraceptive vaccine was evaluated in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). A peptide derived from the beta subunit of luteinizing hormone (LH) was conjugated to two different carrier protei...
Immune response to the hepatitis B antigen in the RTS,S/AS01 malaria vaccine, and co-administration with pneumococcal conjugate and rotavirus vaccines in African children: a randomized controlled trial.
The RTS,S/AS01 malaria vaccine (Mosquirix) reduces the incidence of Plasmodium falciparum malaria and is intended for routine administration to infants in Sub-Saharan Africa. We evaluated the immunoge...
An important goal of vaccination against viruses and virus-driven cancers is to elicit cytotoxic CD8(+) T cells specific for virus-derived peptides. CD8(+) T cell responses can be enhanced by engaging...
A pneumococcal vaccine which 7 pneumococcal serotypes (6B, 14, 19F, 23F, 18C, 4, 9V), each conjugated individually to the outer membrane protein complex of NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS.
An integrin heterodimer widely expressed on cells of hematopoietic origin. CD11A ANTIGEN comprises the alpha chain and the CD18 antigen (ANTIGENS, CD18) the beta chain. Lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 is a major receptor of T-CELLS; B-CELLS; and GRANULOCYTES. It mediates the leukocyte adhesion reactions underlying cytolytic conjugate formation, helper T-cell interactions, and antibody-dependent killing by NATURAL KILLER CELLS and granulocytes. Intracellular adhesion molecule-1 has been defined as a ligand for lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1.
A combined vaccine used to prevent infection with diphtheria and tetanus toxoid. This is used in place of DTP vaccine (DIPHTHERIA-TETANUS-PERTUSSIS VACCINE) when PERTUSSIS VACCINE is contraindicated.
A live vaccine containing attenuated poliovirus, types I, II, and III, grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture, used for routine immunization of children against polio. This vaccine induces long-lasting intestinal and humoral immunity. Killed vaccine induces only humoral immunity. Oral poliovirus vaccine should not be administered to immunocompromised individuals or their household contacts. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A bacterial vaccine for the prevention of brucellosis in man and animal. Brucella abortus vaccine is used for the immunization of cattle, sheep, and goats.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism, and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one ...