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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known which regimen of chemotherapy is more effective for stage I Wilms' tumor.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the initial extension of disease, surgical procedures, gross and histological morphology, treatments, clinical outcome, and late consequences of therapy after treatment with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgery, and adjuvant chemotherapy with or without maintenance chemotherapy in patients with intermediate risk or anaplastic stage I Wilms' tumor. II. Determine the safety and effectiveness of reduced chemotherapy in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients receive dactinomycin IV on days 1-3 and 15-17 and vincristine IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Patients then undergo surgery about a week after completion of chemotherapy. After surgery, patients receive vincristine IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 and dactinomycin IV on days 8-12. Patients are then randomized to one of two treatment arms after week 9. Arm I: Patients receive dactinomycin IV on days 1-5 of week 10 and vincristine IV on day 1 of both weeks 10 and 11. This course is repeated during weeks 17 and 18. Arm II: Patients receive no further treatment. Patients are followed every 3 months for 3 years, then annually thereafter. Peer Reviewed and Funded or Endorsed by Cancer Research UK
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 350 patients (175 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 7-8 years.
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment
dactinomycin, vincristine sulfate, conventional surgery
Clinique de l'Esperance
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:32-0400
Vincristine, Dactinomycin, and Doxorubicin With or Without Radiation Therapy or Observation Only in Treating Younger Patients Who Are Undergoing Surgery for Newly Diagnosed Stage I, Stage II, or Stage III Wilms' Tumor
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vincristine, dactinomycin, and doxorubicin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopp...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. It ...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Giving combination chemotherapy before surgery may shrink the tumor ...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Com...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (co...
The prime incision technique is an oncoplastic surgery aimed to remove both the breast tumor and the sentinel lymph node through one incision, thus providing better aesthetic results than the conventi...
Kidney cancer is one of the most common cancers in the USA causing 14,400 deaths per year. The phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) has been extensively documented as a tumor suppresser gene in cance...
In chronic kidney disease patients, oxidative stress is generally associated with disease progression and pathogenesis of its comorbidities. Phenyl sulfate is a protein-bound uremic solute, which accu...
Surgery is an integral part of treatment for cancer, although little data exist about outcomes of cancer surgery across lowmiddle income countries (LMICs).
A compound composed of a two CYCLIC PEPTIDES attached to a phenoxazine that is derived from STREPTOMYCES parvullus. It binds to DNA and inhibits RNA synthesis (transcription), with chain elongation more sensitive than initiation, termination, or release. As a result of impaired mRNA production, protein synthesis also declines after dactinomycin therapy. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1993, p2015)
Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.
An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 18.104.22.168.
An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 22.214.171.124.
An enzyme that specifically cleaves the ester sulfate of iduronic acid. Its deficiency has been demonstrated in Hunter's syndrome, which is characterized by an excess of dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate. EC 126.96.36.199.
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...