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Chemotherapy Plus Surgery in Treating Children at Risk of or With Stage I Wilms' Tumor

2014-08-27 03:58:32 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known which regimen of chemotherapy is more effective for stage I Wilms' tumor.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to study the effectiveness of chemotherapy and surgery in treating children who are at risk of or who have stage I Wilms' tumor.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the initial extension of disease, surgical procedures, gross and histological morphology, treatments, clinical outcome, and late consequences of therapy after treatment with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgery, and adjuvant chemotherapy with or without maintenance chemotherapy in patients with intermediate risk or anaplastic stage I Wilms' tumor. II. Determine the safety and effectiveness of reduced chemotherapy in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients receive dactinomycin IV on days 1-3 and 15-17 and vincristine IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Patients then undergo surgery about a week after completion of chemotherapy. After surgery, patients receive vincristine IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 and dactinomycin IV on days 8-12. Patients are then randomized to one of two treatment arms after week 9. Arm I: Patients receive dactinomycin IV on days 1-5 of week 10 and vincristine IV on day 1 of both weeks 10 and 11. This course is repeated during weeks 17 and 18. Arm II: Patients receive no further treatment. Patients are followed every 3 months for 3 years, then annually thereafter. Peer Reviewed and Funded or Endorsed by Cancer Research UK

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 350 patients (175 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 7-8 years.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Kidney Cancer

Intervention

dactinomycin, vincristine sulfate, conventional surgery

Location

Clinique de l'Esperance
Montegnee
Belgium
4420

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:32-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A compound composed of a two CYCLIC PEPTIDES attached to a phenoxazine that is derived from STREPTOMYCES parvullus. It binds to DNA and inhibits RNA synthesis (transcription), with chain elongation more sensitive than initiation, termination, or release. As a result of impaired mRNA production, protein synthesis also declines after dactinomycin therapy. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1993, p2015)

Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.

An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 2.7.7.4.

An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 3.1.6.12.

That portion of the stomach remaining after gastric surgery, usually gastrectomy or gastroenterostomy for cancer of the stomach or peptic ulcer. It is a common site of cancer referred to as stump cancer or carcinoma of the gastric stump.

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