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Carboplatin and Temozolomide in Treating Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic Melanoma

2014-08-27 03:58:33 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of combining carboplatin and temozolomide in treating patients who have unresectable or metastatic melanoma.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of carboplatin and temozolomide in patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma. II. Assess the safety of this cytotoxic combination in this patient population. III. Assess the preliminary evidence of efficacy of this combination in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is an open label, dose escalation study. Patients receive oral temozolomide once daily on days 1-5. Carboplatin IV is administered over 1 hour on day 1. Courses are repeated every 28 days. Treatment continues for a maximum of 6 courses in the absence of toxicity and disease progression. Sequential dose escalation of carboplatin with a fixed dose of temozolomide is followed by sequential dose escalation of carboplatin at a higher fixed dose of temozolomide. Dose escalation in cohorts of 3-6 patients each continues until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose limiting toxic effects. If the combination treatment with carboplatin given on day 1 of temozolomide therapy is more toxic than anticipated, then the study is repeated with carboplatin given on day 5 of temozolomide therapy. Patients are followed at least every 2 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 30 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Melanoma (Skin)

Intervention

carboplatin, temozolomide

Location

Mount Vernon Hospital
Northwood
England
United Kingdom
HA6 2RN

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:33-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)

A cellular subtype of malignant melanoma. It is a pigmented lesion composed of melanocytes occurring on sun-exposed skin, usually the face and neck. The melanocytes are commonly multinucleated with a "starburst" appearance. It is considered by many to be the in situ phase of lentigo maligna melanoma.

Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)

Experimentally induced tumor that produces MELANIN in animals to provide a model for studying human MELANOMA.

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