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Interleukin-2 in Treating Children With Stage IV Neuroblastoma Who Have Received Induction Therapy and Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation

2014-08-27 03:58:33 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill neuroblastoma cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of interleukin-2 in treating children with stage IV neuroblastoma who have received induction therapy and peripheral stem cell transplantation.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum dose that can be administered in an ambulatory setting among three dose regimens in children with stage IV neuroblastoma. II. Determine the highest tolerated level if a sustained increase in NK-cell number is observed. III. Determine the type, duration, and reversibility of side effects at the three dose levels. IV. Confirm the chosen dose level.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, parallel, open label, multicenter study. Part I: Patients receive one of three doses of interleukin-2 (IL-2) subcutaneously beginning 20 to 40 days following autologous stem cell reinfusion. IL-2 is administered for 5 consecutive days every 14 days for up to 3 months, for a total of 6 courses. Cohorts of 5 patients are entered at each dose level of IL-2 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose at which 3 or more patients experience dose limiting toxicity. Part II: Additional patients receive IL-2 at the dose level below the MTD. These patients are stratified according to prior therapy (melphalan plus megatherapy vs total body irradiation or meta-iodobenzylguanidine scan plus melphalan vs busulfan containing regimens). Patients are followed at 1 week.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 25 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Neuroblastoma

Intervention

aldesleukin

Location

St. Anna Children's Hospital
Vienna
Austria
A-1090

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:33-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An indolocarbazole that is a potent PROTEIN KINASE C inhibitor which enhances cAMP-mediated responses in human neuroblastoma cells. (Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1995;214(3):1114-20)

A malignant olfactory neuroblastoma arising from the olfactory epithelium of the superior nasal cavity and cribriform plate. It is uncommon (3% of nasal tumors) and rarely is associated with the production of excess hormones (e.g., SIADH, Cushing Syndrome). It has a high propensity for multiple local recurrences and bony metastases. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3rd ed, p1245; J Laryngol Otol 1998 Jul;112(7):628-33)

A moderately malignant neoplasm composed of primitive neuroectodermal cells dispersed in myxomatous or fibrous stroma intermixed with mature ganglion cells. It may undergo transformation into a neuroblastoma. It arises from the sympathetic trunk or less frequently from the adrenal medulla, cerebral cortex, and other locations. Cervical ganglioneuroblastomas may be associated with HORNER SYNDROME and the tumor may occasionally secrete vasoactive intestinal peptide, resulting in chronic diarrhea.

Genes of IAP elements (a family of retrovirus-like genetic elements) which code for virus-like particles (IAPs) found regularly in rodent early embryos. ("Intracisternal" refers to the cisternae of the endoplasmic reticulum.) Under certain circumstances, such as DNA hypomethylation they are transcribed. Their transcripts are found in a variety of neoplasms, including plasmacytomas, neuroblastoma, rhabdomyosarcomas, teratocarcinomas, and colon carcinomas.

Family of retrovirus-associated DNA sequences (ras) originally isolated from Harvey (H-ras, Ha-ras, rasH) and Kirsten (K-ras, Ki-ras, rasK) murine sarcoma viruses. Ras genes are widely conserved among animal species and sequences corresponding to both H-ras and K-ras genes have been detected in human, avian, murine, and non-vertebrate genomes. The closely related N-ras gene has been detected in human neuroblastoma and sarcoma cell lines. All genes of the family have a similar exon-intron structure and each encodes a p21 protein.

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