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RATIONALE: Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill neuroblastoma cells.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum dose that can be administered in an ambulatory setting among three dose regimens in children with stage IV neuroblastoma. II. Determine the highest tolerated level if a sustained increase in NK-cell number is observed. III. Determine the type, duration, and reversibility of side effects at the three dose levels. IV. Confirm the chosen dose level.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, parallel, open label, multicenter study. Part I: Patients receive one of three doses of interleukin-2 (IL-2) subcutaneously beginning 20 to 40 days following autologous stem cell reinfusion. IL-2 is administered for 5 consecutive days every 14 days for up to 3 months, for a total of 6 courses. Cohorts of 5 patients are entered at each dose level of IL-2 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose at which 3 or more patients experience dose limiting toxicity. Part II: Additional patients receive IL-2 at the dose level below the MTD. These patients are stratified according to prior therapy (melphalan plus megatherapy vs total body irradiation or meta-iodobenzylguanidine scan plus melphalan vs busulfan containing regimens). Patients are followed at 1 week.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 25 patients will be accrued for this study.
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment
St. Anna Children's Hospital
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:33-0400
This partially randomized phase III trial studies isotretinoin with dinutuximab, aldesleukin, and sargramostim to see how well it works compared to isotretinoin alone following stem cell t...
RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as Ch14.18, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill...
RATIONALE: Inserting the gene for interleukin-2 into a person's neuroblastoma cells may make the body build an immune response and kill tumor cells. PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the ef...
RATIONALE: Biological therapies use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cells from growing. Combining interleukin-2 with interleukin-12 may kill more tumor cells....
Medical scientists want to find better ways to treat neuroblastoma and to find ways to prevent the tumor from growing back. To do this, they need more information about the characteristics...
Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common extracranial solid tumor of childhood. Primary and secondary testicular involvement is extremely uncommon in neuroblastoma.
Neuroblastoma is a lethal tumor that commonly occurs in children. Polymorphisms in reportedly influence risk for several types of cancer, though their roles in neuroblastoma remain unclear. Here we e...
Neuroblastoma is the commonest malignancy in neonates. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) RNA component of mitochondrial RNA processing endoribonuclease (RMRP) has been reported to be an oncogenic factor in...
Neuroblastoma is a neural crest-derived tumor that accounts for 7-10% of all malignancies in children and ~15% of all childhood cancer-associated mortalities. Approximately 50% of patients are charact...
Neuroblastoma is one of the most common paediatric malignancies. Detection of somatic genetic alterations in this tumour is instrumental for its risk stratification and treatment. On the other hand, a...
An indolocarbazole that is a potent PROTEIN KINASE C inhibitor which enhances cAMP-mediated responses in human neuroblastoma cells. (Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1995;214(3):1114-20)
A malignant olfactory neuroblastoma arising from the olfactory epithelium of the superior nasal cavity and cribriform plate. It is uncommon (3% of nasal tumors) and rarely is associated with the production of excess hormones (e.g., SIADH, Cushing Syndrome). It has a high propensity for multiple local recurrences and bony metastases. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3rd ed, p1245; J Laryngol Otol 1998 Jul;112(7):628-33)
A moderately malignant neoplasm composed of primitive neuroectodermal cells dispersed in myxomatous or fibrous stroma intermixed with mature ganglion cells. It may undergo transformation into a neuroblastoma. It arises from the sympathetic trunk or less frequently from the adrenal medulla, cerebral cortex, and other locations. Cervical ganglioneuroblastomas may be associated with HORNER SYNDROME and the tumor may occasionally secrete vasoactive intestinal peptide, resulting in chronic diarrhea.
Genes of IAP elements (a family of retrovirus-like genetic elements) which code for virus-like particles (IAPs) found regularly in rodent early embryos. ("Intracisternal" refers to the cisternae of the endoplasmic reticulum.) Under certain circumstances, such as DNA hypomethylation they are transcribed. Their transcripts are found in a variety of neoplasms, including plasmacytomas, neuroblastoma, rhabdomyosarcomas, teratocarcinomas, and colon carcinomas.
Family of retrovirus-associated DNA sequences (ras) originally isolated from Harvey (H-ras, Ha-ras, rasH) and Kirsten (K-ras, Ki-ras, rasK) murine sarcoma viruses. Ras genes are widely conserved among animal species and sequences corresponding to both H-ras and K-ras genes have been detected in human, avian, murine, and non-vertebrate genomes. The closely related N-ras gene has been detected in human neuroblastoma and sarcoma cell lines. All genes of the family have a similar exon-intron structure and each encodes a p21 protein.
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...