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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.
OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the complete response rate to combination fludarabine, idarubicin, and cytarabine in children with relapsed or refractory acute lymphocytic leukemia. II. Evaluate the safety and tolerance of this treatment in these patients. III. Evaluate the time to progression, disease free survival, and overall survival of these patients.
OUTLINE: This is an open label, multicenter study. Patients receive idarubicin IV over 1 hour on days 1-3. Fludarabine IV is administered over 30 minutes on days 1-5. Cytarabine IV is administered over 4 hours on days 1-5. If partial response is obtained, patients receive a second course of treatment. Patients receive a consolidation course in the absence of disease progression and unacceptable toxicity. Idarubicin IV is administered over 1 hour on days 1 and 2. Fludarabine IV is administered over 30 minutes, followed by cytarabine IV over 4 hours on days 1-5. Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years or until death.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 24-45 patients will be accrued for this study within 27 months.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
cytarabine, fludarabine phosphate, idarubicin
Algemeen Ziekenhuis Middelheim
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:33-0400
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A pyrimidine nucleoside analog that is used mainly in the treatment of leukemia, especially acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia. Cytarabine is an antimetabolite antineoplastic agent that inhibits the synthesis of DNA. Its actions are specific for the S phase of the cell cycle. It also has antiviral and immunosuppressant properties. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p472)
Congener of CYTARABINE that is metabolized to cytarabine and thereby maintains a more constant antineoplastic action.
A replication-defective strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) capable of transforming lymphoid cells and producing a rapidly progressing lymphoid leukemia after superinfection with FRIEND MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS; MOLONEY MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS; or RAUSCHER VIRUS.
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