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RATIONALE: Transurethral resection is a less invasive type of surgery for bladder cancer and may have fewer side effects and improve recovery. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known whether transurethral resection plus AD 32 is more effective than transurethral resection alone for bladder cancer.
PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of transurethral resection surgery followed by AD 32 with that of transurethral resection alone in treating patients who have newly diagnosed or recurrent bladder cancer.
OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the efficacy of adjuvant AD 32 following complete transurethral resection versus transurethral resection alone in patients with newly diagnosed or recurrent superficial transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. II. Assess the toxicity of AD 32 in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is an open label, randomized, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to receive surgery with AD 32 or surgery alone. Arm I: Patients undergo surgery to remove bladder tumors. AD 32 is administered by catheter into the bladder within 2-24 hours after surgery. Patients must hold the AD 32 liquid in the bladder for 90 minutes. Arm II: Patients undergo only surgery to remove bladder tumors. Patients with T1 or Tis disease may receive BCG therapy once weekly for 6 weeks, followed by 6 weeks of rest. Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: This study will accrue approximately 300 patients.
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment
valrubicin, conventional surgery
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:33-0400
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Biological therapies such as BCG use different ways to stimulate the...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of chemotherapy ...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from div...
RATIONALE: Lymphadenectomy may remove tumor cells that have spread to nearby lymph nodes in patients with invasive bladder cancer. It is not yet known whether extended pelvic lymphadenecto...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. PURPOSE: Ph...
Radical cystectomy currently remains the standard of care for muscle-invasive bladder cancer. However, surgery can be associated with considerable morbidity and mortality, including the removal of the...
Bladder cancer is the most common urogenital tumor with substantial morbidity, high recurrence rate and mortality. miRNAs, a class of endogenous noncoding RNA, were found to involve in the genesis, ma...
Bladder cancer has numerous genomic features that are potentially actionable by targeted agents. Nevertheless, both pre-clinical and clinical research using molecular targeted agents have been very li...
Despite that nearly 75% of bladder cancer patients are diagnosed with nonmuscle-invasive disease, our understanding of the biological landscape in bladder cancer is primarily within the context of mus...
R-Spondin 3 (RSPO3) is a secreted protein that associates directly with Wnt/β-catenin signaling. However, its functional contribution and prognostic value in human bladder cancer remain unclear. Here...
Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.
A HERNIA-like condition in which the weakened pelvic muscles cause the URINARY BLADDER to drop from its normal position. Fallen urinary bladder is more common in females with the bladder dropping into the VAGINA and less common in males with the bladder dropping into the SCROTUM.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the urinary bladder.
That portion of the stomach remaining after gastric surgery, usually gastrectomy or gastroenterostomy for cancer of the stomach or peptic ulcer. It is a common site of cancer referred to as stump cancer or carcinoma of the gastric stump.
Involuntary discharge of URINE as a result of physical activities that increase abdominal pressure on the URINARY BLADDER without detrusor contraction or overdistended bladder. The subtypes are classified by the degree of leakage, descent and opening of the bladder neck and URETHRA without bladder contraction, and sphincter deficiency.
Prostate cancer (cancer de prostata) Prostate cancer (cancer de prostata) is a form of cancer that develops in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. Most prostate cancers are slow growing; however, there are cases of aggressive prostat...
Non-invasive bladder cancer is a cancer that is only in the inner lining of the bladder. Invasive bladder cancer is cancer that has spread into the deeper walls of the bladder. When the cancer has spread outside the bladder to other parts of the body, th...