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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more cancer cells. Isotretinoin may help cancer cells develop into normal white blood cells.
PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial of topotecan, fludarabine, cytarabine, and filgrastim followed by peripheral stem cell transplantation or isotretinoin in treating patients who have acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, or recurrent or refractory acute lymphocytic leukemia.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the safety of topotecan in combination with fludarabine, cytarabine, and filgrastim (FLAG) in patients with poor prognosis acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, or recurrent or refractory acute lymphocytic leukemia. II. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of topotecan in the FLAG regimen in these patients. III. Assess the complete remission rates in patients treated with this regimen.
OUTLINE: Patients with complete response proceed to further therapy according to age. 65 and under: Patients receive etoposide by IV continuously for 5 days, cytarabine IV over 2 hours every 12 hours for 4 days, and filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously. Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) are then harvested. Patients then receive oral busulfan every 6 hours on days -7 to -4 and etoposide IV over 10 hours on day -3. PBSC are reinfused on day 0. Over 65: Patients receive oral isotretinoin and vitamin E daily. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed every month for 1 year and then every 3 months thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 15 patients will be accrued for this study within 3-4 years.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders
filgrastim, vitamin E, busulfan, cytarabine, etoposide, fludarabine phosphate, isotretinoin, topotecan hydrochloride, bone marrow ablation with stem cell support, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Medical College of Pennsylvania
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:38-0400
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A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.
VITAMIN B 6 refers to several PICOLINES (especially PYRIDOXINE; PYRIDOXAL; & PYRIDOXAMINE) that are efficiently converted by the body to PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE which is a coenzyme for synthesis of amino acids, neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine), sphingolipids, and aminolevulinic acid. During transamination of amino acids, pyridoxal phosphate is transiently converted into PYRIDOXAMINE phosphate. Although pyridoxine and Vitamin B 6 are still frequently used as synonyms, especially by medical researchers, this practice is erroneous and sometimes misleading (EE Snell; Ann NY Acad Sci, vol 585 pg 1, 1990). Most of vitamin B6 is eventually degraded to PYRIDOXIC ACID and excreted in the urine.
Congener of CYTARABINE that is metabolized to cytarabine and thereby maintains a more constant antineoplastic action.
An alkylating agent having a selective immunosuppressive effect on BONE MARROW. It has been used in the palliative treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (MYELOID LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC), but although symptomatic relief is provided, no permanent remission is brought about. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), busulfan is listed as a known carcinogen.
A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.
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Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...