Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
RATIONALE: Capsaicin lozenges may be effective treatment for mucositis caused by radiation therapy. It is not yet known whether capsaicin lozenges are more effective than no treatment for mucositis caused by radiation therapy.
PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to study the effectiveness of capsaicin lozenges in treating patients with mucositis caused by radiation therapy.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the efficacy of capsaicin lozenges in terms of frequency, duration, and severity of mouth pain caused by radiation therapy to the oral cavity. II. Evaluate the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study. Patients are stratified according to dentures (yes vs no), smoking history (none vs currently vs past only), radiation therapy (primary vs postoperative adjuvant), planned radiation dose (5000-6000 cGy vs greater than 6000 cGy), planned fluoride use (yes vs no), and amount of oral mucosa in radiation field (one- to two-thirds vs greater than two-thirds). Patients receive one lozenge orally of capsaicin or placebo four times daily. Treatment begins within the first 3 days of radiation therapy and continues during and for two weeks after radiation therapy is completed.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 120 patients (60/arm) will be accrued for this study within 6 months.
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Head and Neck Cancer
CCOP - Scottsdale Oncology Program
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:35:57-0400
Through this study, we hope to learn more about the mechanisms, which may contribute to development and progression of head and neck cancer. The long-term goal of this study will be to de...
The primary objective of this study is to describe, in detail, patterns of care for head and neck carcinoma patient
The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness and side effects of a new combination and schedule of chemotherapy drugs in the treatment of head and neck cancer. Patients with...
Patients with head and neck cancer will be imaged with PET scan and CT scan in order to determine areas of the tumour that are hypoxic. It is hypothesized that PET /CT will provide inform...
The purpose of this study is to determine if the combination of 2 chemotherapy drugs called pemetrexed and gemcitabine might be effective treatment for head and neck squamous cell cancer. ...
Information on re-irradiation (re-RT) for recurrent and second primary head and neck cancer is limited. Herein, a description of our long-term experience of re-RT for previously irradiated head and ne...
Patients with head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) are often uninsured or underinsured at the time of their diagnosis. This access to care has been shown to influence treatment decisions and sur...
The rehabilitation planning consult (RPC) is a novel, transdisciplinary rehabilitation intervention for survivors of head and neck cancer. The study aimed to: (1) estimate recruitment and withdrawal r...
Following the announcement of the NHS Cancer Plan in 2000, anyone suspected of having cancer has to be seen by a specialist within two weeks of referral. Since this introduction, studies have shown th...
Patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) experience increased risk of depression and compromised quality of life. Identifying patients with HNC at risk of depression can help establish targeted interv...
Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
Dissection in the neck to remove all disease tissues including cervical LYMPH NODES and to leave an adequate margin of normal tissue. This type of surgery is usually used in tumors or cervical metastases in the head and neck. The prototype of neck dissection is the radical neck dissection described by Crile in 1906.
A form of RHABDOMYOSARCOMA arising primarily in the head and neck, especially the orbit, of children below the age of 10. The cells are smaller than those of other rhabdomyosarcomas and are of two basic cell types: spindle cells and round cells. This cancer is highly sensitive to chemotherapy and has a high cure rate with multi-modality therapy. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p2188)
A symptom, not a disease, of a twisted neck. In most instances, the head is tipped toward one side and the chin rotated toward the other. The involuntary muscle contractions in the neck region of patients with torticollis can be due to congenital defects, trauma, inflammation, tumors, and neurological or other factors.
Large veins on either side of the root of the neck formed by the junction of the internal jugular and subclavian veins. They drain blood from the head, neck, and upper extremities, and unite to form the superior vena cava.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
Dentistry is the study, management and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting the mouth, jaw, teeth and their supporting tissues (Oxford Medical Dictionary) The work of a dentist ranges from regular patient check-up to orthodontics and surgery....