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Temozolomide in Treating Adults With Newly Diagnosed Primary Malignant Glioblastoma Multiforme

2014-08-27 03:58:40 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of temozolomide in treating adults with newly diagnosed primary malignant glioblastoma multiforme.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the antitumor activity of temozolomide in adults with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme.

- Define the relationship between tumor O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase activity and tumor response in these patients.

- Define the relationship between tumor DNA mismatch repair activity and tumor response to temozolomide.

OUTLINE: Patients receive temozolomide orally once daily on days 1-5. Treatment courses are repeated every 28 days. In the absence of disease progression and toxicity, patients receive up to 4 courses of treatment prior to radiation therapy. After radiation therapy, patients demonstrating partial or complete response may receive an additional 12 courses of treatment.

Patients are followed every 8-12 weeks for 2 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: This study will accrue 50 patients.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors

Intervention

temozolomide, radiation therapy

Location

Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center
Durham
North Carolina
United States
27710

Status

Completed

Source

Duke University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:40-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.

A group of malignant tumors of the nervous system that feature primitive cells with elements of neuronal and/or glial differentiation. Use of this term is limited by some authors to central nervous system tumors and others include neoplasms of similar origin which arise extracranially (i.e., NEUROECTODERMAL TUMORS, PRIMITIVE, PERIPHERAL). This term is also occasionally used as a synonym for MEDULLOBLASTOMA. In general, these tumors arise in the first decade of life and tend to be highly malignant. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, p2059)

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The main information-processing organs of the nervous system, consisting of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges.

A vascular anomaly characterized by a radial or wedge-shaped arrangement of dilated VEINS draining into a larger vein in the brain, spinal cord, or the meninges. Veins in a venous angioma are surrounded by normal nervous tissue, unlike a CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM CAVERNOUS HEMANGIOMA that lacks intervening nervous tissue. Drainage of venous angioma is fully integrated with the body's venous system, therefore, in most cases there is no clinical signs and rare bleeding.

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