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Vinorelbine and/or Gemcitabine in Treating Older Patients With Stage IIIB or Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

2014-08-27 03:58:41 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of vinorelbine, gemcitabine, or both in treating patients who have stage IIIB or stage IV non-small cell lung cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the activity and toxicities of gemcitabine in elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer. II. Determine the activity and toxicity of the combination of gemcitabine and vinorelbine in these patients. III. Compare the survival rate and quality of life of these patients treated with combination chemotherapy versus single agent chemotherapy. IV. Compare objective response and time to progression of these patients treated with these chemotherapy regimens. V. Compare the toxicities of these three regimens in these patients. VI. Compare the number of hospitalizations, palliative radiation therapies, antibiotic therapies, corticosteroid therapies, analgesic therapies, and hematopoietic growth factor therapies needed for these patients treated with these chemotherapy regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified by center, stage of disease (IIIB vs IV), and performance status (0 vs 1 vs 2). Patients are randomized to one of three treatment arms. Patients receive either vinorelbine IV, gemcitabine IV, or both on days 1 and 8 of each 21 day course. Patients who achieve an objective response or stable disease after 3 courses receive 3 more courses (for a total of 6 courses). Quality of life is assessed before treatment, after course 4 (or 3 weeks after course 3, if therapy is stopped), and at 21 days after course 6 (or 12 weeks after course 3).

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 630 patients (210 patients per arm) will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Lung Cancer

Intervention

gemcitabine hydrochloride, vinorelbine ditartrate

Location

Istituto Nazionale per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori
Naples
Italy
80131

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:41-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A quinazoline derivative and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that functions as a PROTEIN KINASE INHIBITOR for EGFR associated tyrosine kinase. It is used in the treatment of NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER.

Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.

A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE. It also has a depressant action on the cough center and may be given to control intractable cough associated with terminal lung cancer. Methadone is also used as part of the treatment of dependence on opioid drugs, although prolonged use of methadone itself may result in dependence. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)

Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.

Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.

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