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Irofulven in Treating Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

2014-07-23 21:57:01 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of irofulven in treating patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the antitumor activity of 6-hydroxymethylacylfulvene (MGI-114) when given daily for 5 days every 28 days to patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum. II. Evaluate the qualitative and quantitative toxicities of MGI-114 given on this schedule in this patient population.

OUTLINE: Patients receive 6-hydroxymethylacylfulvene (MGI-114) IV over 5 minutes daily for 5 consecutive days. Courses are repeated every 28 days. The minimum treatment period is 2 courses. Treatment continues indefinitely in the absence of unacceptable toxic effects or disease progression. Patients are followed at the end of every other course while on the study, and then every 3 months thereafter until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 18-35 patients will be accrued for this study within 6-10 months.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Colorectal Cancer

Intervention

irofulven

Location

University of Texas - MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston
Texas
United States
77030

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:57:01-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.

A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.

Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.

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