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Interleukin-12 in Treating Patients With Refractory Advanced-Stage Ovarian Cancer or Abdominal Cancer

2014-08-27 03:58:41 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Interleukin-12 may kill tumor cells by stopping blood flow to the tumor and by stimulating a persons's white blood cells to kill cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of interleukin-12 in treating patients with refractory ovarian or abdominal cancers.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the safety and maximum tolerated dose of recombinant human interleukin-12 (rhIL-12) administered by intraperitoneal infusion in patients with chemotherapy refractory advanced ovarian cancer and other diffuse abdominal carcinomatosis. II. Determine the immunopharmacologic profile of rhIL-12 in this patient population. III. Evaluate the biologic response in selected patients to rhIL-12 administered through intraperitoneal infusions.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation, multicenter study. Cohorts of 3-6 patients each receive escalating doses of intraperitoneal recombinant human interleukin-12 (rhIL-12) administered weekly for 9 weeks. If a patient tolerates rhIL-12 and shows evidence of objective response or stable disease, patient may receive up to 9 additional weeks of treatment. Treatment continues in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression. Dose escalation continues until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which no more than 1 of 6 patients experiences dose limiting toxicity. All patients are followed for survival.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3-36 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Cancer

Intervention

recombinant interleukin-12

Location

University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute
Pittsburgh
Pennsylvania
United States
15213

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:41-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An interleukin receptor subunit that was originally discovered as a component of the INTERLEUKIN 2 RECEPTOR. It was subsequently found to be a component of several other receptors including the INTERLEUKIN 4 RECEPTOR, the INTERLEUKIN 7 RECEPTOR, the INTERLEUKIN-9 RECEPTOR, the INTERLEUKIN-15 RECEPTOR, and the INTERLEUKIN-21 RECEPTOR. Mutations in the gene for the interleukin common gamma chain have been associated with X-LINKED COMBINED IMMUNODEFICIENCY DISEASES.

Cell surface receptors for INTERLEUKIN-13. Included under this heading are the INTERLEUKIN-13 RECEPTOR ALPHA2 which is a monomeric receptor and the INTERLEUKIN-4 RECEPTOR TYPE II which has specificity for both INTERLEUKIN-4 and INTERLEUKIN-13.

A cytokine subunit that is a component of both interleukin-12 and interleukin-23. It binds to the INTERLEUKIN-12 SUBUNIT P35 via a disulfide bond to form interleukin-12 and to INTERLEUKIN-23 SUBUNIT P19 to form interleukin-23.

An interleukin receptor subunit with specificity for INTERLEUKIN-13. It dimerizes with the INTERLEUKIN-4 RECEPTOR ALPHA SUBUNIT to form the TYPE II INTERLEUKIN-4 RECEPTOR which has specificity for both INTERLEUKIN-4 and INTERLEUKIN-13. Signaling of this receptor subunit occurs through the interaction of its cytoplasmic domain with JANUS KINASES such as the TYK2 KINASE.

An interleukin receptor subtype found on both hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cells. It is a membrane-bound heterodimer that contains the INTERLEUKIN-4 RECEPTOR ALPHA SUBUNIT and the INTERLEUKIN-13 RECEPTOR ALPHA1 SUBUNIT. Although commonly referred to as the interleukin-4 type-II receptor this receptor has specificity for both INTERLEUKIN-4 and INTERLEUKIN-13

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