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Exemestane Compared With Tamoxifen in Treating Postmenopausal Women With Primary Breast Cancer

2014-08-27 03:58:41 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Estrogen can stimulate the growth of breast cancer cells. Hormone therapy using exemestane or tamoxifen may fight breast cancer by blocking the uptake of estrogen. It is not yet known whether exemestane is more effective than tamoxifen in treating breast cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of exemestane with that of tamoxifen in treating postmenopausal women with primary breast cancer who have already received 2-3 years of tamoxifen following surgery.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare, in terms of disease-free survival and overall survival, the sequential administration of exemestane with administration of further tamoxifen until 5 years of therapy is achieved in postmenopausal women with operable breast cancer who have already received 2-3 years of adjuvant tamoxifen. II. Compare the regimens in terms of the incidence of contralateral breast cancer and long term tolerability of the regimens in these patients. III. Determine the tolerability of each regimen in terms of endometrial status, bone metabolism, lipid profile, and coagulation profile in these patients. IV. Assess quality of life in these patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double blind, multicenter study. Following 2-3 years of adjuvant treatment with tamoxifen, patients are randomized to receive either oral tamoxifen daily or oral exemestane daily for the remainder of the 5 year period in the absence of disease relapse or unacceptable toxicity. Quality of life is assessed at some centers. Patients are followed at least every 3 months for the first year of treatment, every 6 months for the next two years and then annually thereafter until year 10.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 4400 patients (2200 patients in each arm) will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Breast Cancer

Intervention

exemestane, tamoxifen citrate

Location

U.Z. Gasthuisberg
Leuven
England
Belgium
B-3000

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:41-0400

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Use of Raloxifene and Tamoxifen by Breast Cancer Risk Level in a Medicare-eligible Cohort.

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Downregulation of lncRNA GAS5 confers tamoxifen resistance by activating miR-222 in breast cancer.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abnormal accumulation of lymph in the arm, shoulder and breast area associated with surgical or radiation breast cancer treatments (e.g., MASTECTOMY).

Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.

A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)

A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.

Carbohydrate antigen elevated in patients with tumors of the breast, ovary, lung, and prostate as well as other disorders. The mucin is expressed normally by most glandular epithelia but shows particularly increased expression in the breast at lactation and in malignancy. It is thus an established serum marker for breast cancer.

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