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Combination Chemotherapy Followed by Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Refractory Cancer

2014-08-27 03:58:42 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of combining docetaxel, ifosfamide, and carboplatin followed by peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating patients with refractory cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the toxicities, safety, and antitumor activity of intensive high dose chemotherapy consisting of ifosfamide, carboplatin, and docetaxel followed by autologous stem cell transplantation in a variety of refractory malignancies.

OUTLINE: This is dose-escalation study of docetaxel. Cohorts of at least 4 patients each receive escalating doses of docetaxel IV over 11 hours as a continuous infusion 2 times daily in combination with constant doses of ifosfamide IV over 60 minutes daily and carboplatin IV over 60 minutes daily on days -6, -5, -4, and -3. On day 0, patients receive autologous stem cell (or bone marrow) transplantation. If 1 or 2 of 4 patients experience dose limiting toxicity (DLT), 4 additional patients are entered at the same dose level. If 3 or more of 4 or 8 patients experience DLT, there is no further dose escalation and 6 additional patients are entered at the preceding dose level. The maximum tolerated dose is defined as the dose level immediately preceding the level that caused DLT in greater than 50% of patients. Patients are followed at 3 and 6 months and then semiannually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 30 patients will be accrued into this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders

Intervention

carboplatin, docetaxel, ifosfamide, autologous bone marrow transplantation, bone marrow ablation with stem cell support, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation

Location

Midwestern Regional Medical Center
Zion
Illinois
United States
60099

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:42-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Techniques for the removal of subpopulations of cells (usually residual tumor cells) from the bone marrow ex vivo before it is infused. The purging is achieved by a variety of agents including pharmacologic agents, biophysical agents (laser photoirradiation or radioisotopes) and immunologic agents. Bone marrow purging is used in both autologous and allogeneic BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION.

Transfer of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS from BONE MARROW or BLOOD between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been used as an alternative to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION in the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.

A cell-separation technique where magnetizable microspheres or beads are first coated with monoclonal antibody, allowed to search and bind to target cells, and are then selectively removed when passed through a magnetic field. Among other applications, the technique is commonly used to remove tumor cells from the marrow (BONE MARROW PURGING) of patients who are to undergo autologous bone marrow transplantation.

Agents that destroy bone marrow activity. They are used to prepare patients for BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION or STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.

The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.

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