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Irinotecan in Treating Patients With Solid Tumors or Lymphoma Who Have Abnormal Liver or Kidney Function or Who Have Received Radiation Therapy to the Pelvis

2014-07-24 14:36:00 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Irinotecan may be effective in treating patients with abnormal liver or kidney function or who have received radiation therapy.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of irinotecan in treating patients with solid tumors or lymphoma who have abnormal liver or kidney function or who have had previous radiation therapy to the pelvis.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of irinotecan in patients with solid tumors or lymphoma who have liver or renal dysfunction or have had prior pelvic radiation. II. Characterize the pharmacokinetics of irinotecan in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study. Patients are stratified according to prior pelvic radiation therapy (yes vs no). Patients with no prior pelvic radiation are further stratified according to AST, bilirubin, and creatinine levels. Patients receive irinotecan IV over 90 minutes every 3 weeks for a total of 2 courses. After patients are reevaluated, treatment may continue in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3 to 6 patients receive escalating doses of irinotecan. Dose escalation proceeds within each stratum until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose below that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 75 patients will be accrued for this study at a rate of 2-3 patients per month.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Lymphoma

Intervention

irinotecan hydrochloride

Location

Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Birmingham
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35233

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:36:00-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A nitrogen mustard compound that functions as an ALKYLATING ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT and is used in the treatment of CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA and NON-HODGKIN'S LYMPHOMA.

A leukemia/lymphoma found predominately in children and young adults and characterized LYMPHADENOPATHY and THYMUS GLAND involvement. It most frequently presents as a lymphoma, but a leukemic progression in the bone marrow is common.

B-cell lymphoid tumors that occur in association with AIDS. Patients often present with an advanced stage of disease and highly malignant subtypes including BURKITT LYMPHOMA; IMMUNOBLASTIC LARGE-CELL LYMPHOMA; PRIMARY EFFUSION LYMPHOMA; and DIFFUSE, LARGE B-CELL, LYMPHOMA. The tumors are often disseminated in unusual extranodal sites and chromosomal abnormalities are frequently present. It is likely that polyclonal B-cell lymphoproliferation in AIDS is a complex result of EBV infection, HIV antigenic stimulation, and T-cell-dependent HIV activation.

A form of undifferentiated malignant LYMPHOMA usually found in central Africa, but also reported in other parts of the world. It is commonly manifested as a large osteolytic lesion in the jaw or as an abdominal mass. B-cell antigens are expressed on the immature cells that make up the tumor in virtually all cases of Burkitt lymphoma. The Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN) has been isolated from Burkitt lymphoma cases in Africa and it is implicated as the causative agent in these cases; however, most non-African cases are EBV-negative.

Two or more distinct types of malignant lymphoid tumors occurring within a single organ or tissue at the same time. It may contain different types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells or both Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells.

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