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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of decitabine in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndrome.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the response of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (including chronic myelomonocytic leukemia) to decitabine.
OUTLINE: This is an open label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified by disease (low risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) vs. high risk MDS vs. chronic myelomonocytic leukemia). Patients receive decitabine as a 4 hour infusion every 8 hours on days 1-3. Treatment continues every 6-8 weeks for 4-6 courses. Patients are followed at 6 and 12 months.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 75 patients will be accrued for this study over 1 year.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Johns Hopkins Oncology Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:36:01-0400
Primary: To determine the maximum tolerated dose and schedule of decitabine when administered as maintenance therapy after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) ...
The goal of this clinical research study is to compare how well 2 different dosing schedules of decitabine may help control AML. Decitabine is designed to damage the DNA (the genetic mate...
Valproic acid is a medication that is currently used in the prevention of seizures, bipolar disorder, and migraine headaches. Researchers hope that it may improve the effects of decitabin...
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if the combination of vosaroxin and decitabine can help to control AML or MDS. The safety of these drugs will also be studied.
Decitabine is a hypomethylating agent that has shown significant anti-leukemic effect in Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) and Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia (AML). This study is based on the hy...
Decitabine is widely used in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in elderly patients. Low-dose Vitamin C has also been indicated to induce DNA demethylation at the cellular level. However, l...
Nowadays, the regular recommended dose of decitabine for the treatment of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is 20 mg/m2/day for 5 consecutive days with a relatively high incidence of treatment-related mo...
The current therapy for elderly patients with high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) remains unsatisfactory. Decitabine, which has been approved to treat MDS, cannot eliminate malignant clones of ...
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) associated with Down syndrome (DS-AML) is a unique entity of AML with superior treatment response and overall survival compared with children with non-DS-AML. Despite good...
Extracellular vesicles (EV) are nano-sized membrane enclosed vehicles that are involved in cell-to-cell communication and carry cargo that is representative of the parent cell. Recent studies have hig...
A replication-defective strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) capable of transforming lymphoid cells and producing a rapidly progressing lymphoid leukemia after superinfection with FRIEND MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS; MOLONEY MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS; or RAUSCHER VIRUS.
A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) producing leukemia of the reticulum-cell type with massive infiltration of liver, spleen, and bone marrow. It infects DBA/2 and Swiss mice.
A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) arising during the propagation of S37 mouse sarcoma, and causing lymphoid leukemia in mice. It also infects rats and newborn hamsters. It is apparently transmitted to embryos in utero and to newborns through mother's milk.
A chronic leukemia characterized by a large number of circulating prolymphocytes. It can arise spontaneously or as a consequence of transformation of CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA.
A lymphoid leukemia characterized by a profound LYMPHOCYTOSIS with or without LYMPHADENOPATHY, hepatosplenomegaly, frequently rapid progression, and short survival. It was formerly called T-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...