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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.
OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of continuous infusion topotecan in combination with fluorouracil for patients with advanced malignancy and establish a recommended phase II dose based on the MTD. II. Evaluate the dose limiting toxicity of this combination in these patients. II. Obtain pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic data for topoisomerase-1 depletion in patients receiving this treatment. IV. Identify any objective tumor responses arising from this treatment in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of topotecan in combination with fluorouracil. Patients receive topotecan as a 24-hour continuous infusion on days 1-14 in combination with fluorouracil IV and leucovorin calcium IV on days 1-5; course repeats every 4 weeks. Treatment continues in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression. In the absence of dose limiting toxicity (DLT) in the first cohort of 3 patients treated, subsequent cohorts each receive escalating doses on the same schedule. If DLT is observed in 2 of 3 patients or 2 of 6 patients at a given dose level, then dose escalation ceases and the next lower dose is declared the maximum tolerated dose.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 6-30 patients will be accrued for this study.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders
fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, topotecan hydrochloride
Kaplan Cancer Center
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:46-0400
This randomized phase II trial studies how well topotecan hydrochloride and carboplatin with or without veliparib work in treating patients with myeloproliferative disorders that have spre...
This phase II trial studies how long it takes colorectal cancer resistant to standard treatment to grow while receiving treatment with ziv-aflibercept, and how well adding fluorouracil and...
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RATIONALE: Stereotactic radiation therapy may be able to send x-rays directly to the tumor and cause less damage to normal tissue. Drugs, such as nelfinavir mesylate, may make tumor cells ...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as alvocidib, oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin calcium, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the...
Survival with nal-IRI (liposomal irinotecan) plus 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin versus 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin in per-protocol and non-per-protocol populations of NAPOLI-1: Expanded analysis of a global phase 3 trial.
In the phase 3 randomised NAPOLI-1 clinical study, a 45% increase in median overall survival (OS) was shown with liposomal irinotecan, 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin (nal-IRI+5-FU/LV) versus 5-FU/LV in...
The NAPOLI-1 study (NCT01494506) reported that liposomal irinotecan plus 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin (nal-IRI+5-FU/LV) improved overall survival vs 5-FU/LV with manageable toxicity in patients with ...
Platelet distribution width (PDW) and mean platelet volume are markers of platelet activation and have prognostic value in coronary heart diseases, as well as in cancers of solid organs. In this study...
LBA-008Docetaxel, oxaliplatin, and fluorouracil/leucovorin (FLOT) versus epirubicin, cisplatin, and fluorouracil or capecitabine (ECF/ECX) as perioperative treatment of resectable gastric or gastro-esophageal junction adenocarcinoma: The multicenter, randomized phase 3 FLOT4 trial (German Gastric Group at AIO).
Irinotecan (CPT-11) in combination with 5-fluorouracil (5FU) is widely used in the treatment of colorectal cancer. We assessed potential clinical variables that may predict toxicity and more specifica...
Clonal myeloid disorders that possess both dysplastic and proliferative features but are not properly classified as either MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROMES or MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDERS.
The active metabolite of FOLIC ACID. Leucovorin is used principally as its calcium salt as an antidote to folic acid antagonists which block the conversion of folic acid to folinic acid.
A naphthalene derivative and CALCIMIMETIC AGENT that increases the sensitivity of PARATHYROID GLAND calcium-sensing receptors to serum calcium. This action reduces parathyroid hormone secretion and decreases serum calcium in the treatment of PARATHYROID DISEASES.
Disorders in the processing of calcium in the body: its absorption, transport, storage, and utilization.
A myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disorder characterized by myelodysplasia associated with bone marrow and peripheral blood patterns similar to CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA, but cytogenetically lacking a PHILADELPHIA CHROMOSOME or bcr/abl fusion gene (GENES, ABL).
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...