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Brachytherapy in Treating Patients With Prostate Cancer

2014-08-27 03:58:46 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Giving radiation therapy through seeds implanted into the prostate may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of brachytherapy in treating patients with stage I or stage II prostate cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the effectiveness of transrectal ultrasound guided permanent radioactive implantation of the prostate in patients with confined adenocarcinoma of the prostate. II. Assess the overall survival, disease specific survival, clinical relapse (local or distant), PSA levels, and genitourinary and gastrointestinal morbidity in these implant patients. III. Assess the quality of life of these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients receive transrectal ultrasound guided radioactive I-125 seeds implanted into the prostate. At least one week prior to implant, patients undergo transurethral ultrasound study to determine the volume of prostate. Following implantation, seeds that have extruded into the bladder or lodged in the urethral wall are retrieved, and extra seeds may be implanted into identified "cold spots" for uniform seed distribution. Prostate rebiopsy is required before starting hormonal therapy for local progression or biochemical failure without clear focus of progression. Quality of life is assessed every 3 months for 1 year, then every 6 months for 1 year, and then annually for 3 years. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, then every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 95 patients will be accrued for this study within 1 year.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Prostate Cancer

Intervention

iodine I 125

Location

University of Alabama Comprehensive Cancer Center
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35294

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:46-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.

Stable iodine atoms that have the same atomic number as the element iodine, but differ in atomic weight. I-127 is the only naturally occurring stable iodine isotope.

A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.

Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).

Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.

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