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RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Amifostine may protect normal cells from the side effects of radiation therapy.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the incidence, grade, and time course of acute grade 2 or higher gastrointestinal and genitourinary toxicities in patients with primary prostate adenocarcinoma receiving amifostine plus fractionated radiotherapy. II. Determine the incidence and nature of toxicity associated with amifostine in these patients. III. Assess tumor response to this treatment in these patients. IV. Assess impotency rates following radiotherapy in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is an open label study. Patients receive fractionated radiotherapy five days per week for 7 weeks plus amifostine IV push over 5 minutes, 15 minutes before each radiation treatment. Patients are followed at 1 month after radiotherapy, and then every 3 months for at least 5 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: There will be 25 patients accrued into this study over 2 years.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
amifostine trihydrate, radiation therapy
Arizona Cancer Center
University of Arizona
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:46-0400
This study will evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a drug called amifostine in reducing the bowel side effects of radiation treatment for prostate cancer. Amifostine is a 'radioprote...
RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Drugs, such as amifostine, may protect normal cells from the side effects of radiation therapy. Drugs used in chem...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to dam...
RATIONALE: Amifostine may be an effective treatment for the toxic side effects caused by radiation therapy and chemotherapy. It is not yet known whether chemotherapy and radiation therapy ...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs, such as ...
Hydrogel spacers have a novel role in the treatment of low- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer with dose-escalated radiation therapy. Given the growing number of patients undergoing treatment with ...
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More than any other cancer, prostate cancer screening with the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests increases the risk a man will have to face a diagnosis of prostate cancer. The best evidence from s...
To evaluate usage trends and identify factors associated with proton beam therapy (PBT) compared to alternative forms of external beam radiation therapy (RT) (EBRT) for localized prostate cancer.
Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.
A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
A phosphorothioate proposed as a radiation-protective agent. It causes splenic vasodilation and may block autonomic ganglia.
Organs which might be damaged during exposure to a toxin or to some form of therapy. It most frequently refers to healthy organs located in the radiation field during radiation therapy.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
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