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Bryostatin 1 Plus Paclitaxel and Cisplatin in Treating Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

2014-08-27 03:58:47 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of chemotherapy with bryostatin 1 plus paclitaxel and cisplatin in treating patients with advanced solid tumors.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of intravenous bryostatin 1 when administered in combination with a fixed dose of paclitaxel and cisplatin in patients with advanced solid tumors. II. Investigate the clinical pharmacokinetics of intravenous paclitaxel when administered in combination with bryostatin 1 in these patients. III. Obtain preliminary data on the therapeutic activity of this therapy in these patients and evaluate surrogate markers of activity.

OUTLINE: This is an open label, dose escalation study. Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1. On day 2, patients receive bryostatin 1 IV over 1 hour immediately followed by cisplatin IV on day 2. Treatment is repeated weekly for 3 consecutive weeks followed by one week of rest for at least 2 courses. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients are entered at escalating dose levels of bryostatin 1 and paclitaxel. If 2 of 6 patients experience dose limiting toxicity (DLT) at any given dose level, then the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is declared to be the preceding dose level. Once the MTD of paclitaxel and bryostatin 1 has been established, escalations of weekly cisplatin will be added. Additional patient cohorts receive two escalating doses of paclitaxel and cisplatin with the fixed bryostatin 1 dose level, in the absence of DLT. Patients at a lower bryostatin 1 dose may be escalated to a higher bryostatin 1 dose, only if that higher dose has been proven to be safe in another cohort of patients.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: An anticipated 3 to 60 patients will be accrued for this study within 1-14 months.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific

Intervention

bryostatin 1, cisplatin, paclitaxel

Location

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York
New York
United States
10021

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:47-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.

An injectable formulation of albumin-bound paclitaxel NANOPARTICLES.

A solid, unencapsulated tumor of the KIDNEY composed of spindle mesenchymal cells that resemble FIBROBLASTS or muscle cells. The homogeneous mass typically extends into the renal parenchyma and replaces most of the kidney. In most cases, mesoblastic nephroma is benign and occurs in the fetus or newborn, and rarely in the older child or the adult.

A transplantable, poorly differentiated malignant tumor which appeared originally as a spontaneous breast carcinoma in a mouse. It grows in both solid and ascitic forms.

A malignant cystic or semisolid tumor most often occurring in the ovary. Rarely, one is solid. This tumor may develop from a mucinous cystadenoma, or it may be malignant at the onset. The cysts are lined with tall columnar epithelial cells; in others, the epithelium consists of many layers of cells that have lost normal structure entirely. In the more undifferentiated tumors, one may see sheets and nests of tumor cells that have very little resemblance to the parent structure. (Hughes, Obstetric-Gynecologic Terminology, 1972, p184)

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