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PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of chemotherapy with cytarabine and homoharringtonine and biological therapy with interferon alfa in treating patients with chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the effectiveness of low dose cytarabine, homoharringtonine, and interferon alfa in stimulating a complete cytogenic response in patients with Philadelphia chromosome positive early chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia. II. Evaluate the duration of the cytogenic response in these patients after this treatment. III. Determine differential success rates and analyze results by prognostic subsets (e.g., risk group, splenomegaly, thrombocytosis, age, etc.) in this patient population.
OUTLINE: Patients receive debulking therapy consisting of hydroxyurea until blood count is at proper level. Patients then receive interferon alfa and cytarabine daily by subcutaneous injection. Homoharringtonine is administered by continuous infusion on days 1-5. Treatment continues for 5-7 years in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression (accelerated or blastic phase CML). If complete remission is achieved, peripheral blood stem cells are collected. Patients are followed every 3 months for the first year and every 6 months thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 100 patients will be accrued for this study within 3 years.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
recombinant interferon alfa, cytarabine, omacetaxine mepesuccinate
University of Texas - MD Anderson Cancer Center
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:47-0400
A Phase II open-label trial of subcutaneous HHT (omacetaxine mepesuccinate) in the treatment of patients who are resistant to or intolerant to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors.
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of subcutaneous administration of omacetaxine mepesuccinate (HHT) in achieving a clinical response in CML patients in chronic, accelerated, or blast pha...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known if homoharringtonine is more effective than hyd...
RATIONALE: Biological therapies such as interferon-alfa and STI571 may interfere with the growth of cancer cells. It is not yet known if STI571 is more effective than interferon alfa plus ...
The study aims to test if combination of quizartinib (AC220) and omacetaxine mepesuccinate (OM, also known as homoharringtonine) results in durable composite complete remission (CRc) in pa...
Final results of a randomized multicenter phase II study of alvocidib, cytarabine, and mitoxantrone versus cytarabine and daunorubicin (7 + 3) in newly diagnosed high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
To compare the efficacy of topical 5-fluorouracil 1% (5FU) and interferon alfa-2b 1 MIU/mL (IFN) eye drops as primary treatment modalities for ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN).
Cytarabine is a conventionally used chemotherapeutic agent for treating acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, chemoresistance, toxic side-effects and poor patient survival rates retard the efficacy o...
Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated with intensive chemotherapy may require re-induction based on the evaluation of day 14 bone marrow biopsy.
Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) loss is seldom achieved with nucleos(t)ide analog (NA) therapy in chronic hepatitis B patients but may be enhanced by switching to finite pegylated-interferon (Peg-...
A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acids with arginine at positions 23 and 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.
A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acids with lysine at position 23 and histidine at position 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.
A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acid residues with arginine in position 23 and histidine in position 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.
A pyrimidine nucleoside analog that is used mainly in the treatment of leukemia, especially acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia. Cytarabine is an antimetabolite antineoplastic agent that inhibits the synthesis of DNA. Its actions are specific for the S phase of the cell cycle. It also has antiviral and immunosuppressant properties. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p472)
Congener of CYTARABINE that is metabolized to cytarabine and thereby maintains a more constant antineoplastic action.
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...