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PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to study the effectiveness of chemosensitivity testing to assign treatment for patients with stage III or stage IV ovarian cancer who have undergone surgery.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine whether the use of a chemosensitivity assay to assign treatment improves the time to progression and response rates of patients with stage III/IV ovarian cancer.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to size of tumor after debulking surgery, stage, and Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research center where treatment is received. Within 14 days after patients undergo debulking surgery, they are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients randomized to this arm receive one of six treatment regimens: Regimen A - cisplatin/cyclophosphamide Regimen B - cisplatin/cyclophosphamide/doxorubicin Regimen C - carboplatin Regimen D - carboplatin/cyclophosphamide Regimen E - cisplatin/paclitaxel Regimen F - carboplatin/paclitaxel Arm II: Patients who are randomized to this arm are assigned a treatment regimen based on a chemosensitivity assay of tumor specimens collected after debulking surgery. If no valid assay result is obtained, patients receive carboplatin/cyclophosphamide. Treatment is repeated every 3-4 weeks for a total of 6 courses. Up to 4 more courses may be administered if a partial response is demonstrated. Patients are followed every 3 months for the first 2 years and every 6 months thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 300 patients will be accrued for this study over 6 years.
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment
carboplatin, cisplatin, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, in vitro sensitivity-directed chemotherapy, paclitaxel
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:47-0400
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Enzymes that catalyze DNA template-directed extension of the 3'-end of an RNA strand one nucleotide at a time. They can initiate a chain de novo. In eukaryotes, three forms of the enzyme have been distinguished on the basis of sensitivity to alpha-amanitin, and the type of RNA synthesized. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992).
An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.
An isothermal in-vitro nucleotide amplification process. The process involves the concomitant action of a RNA-DIRECTED DNA POLYMERASE, a ribonuclease (RIBONUCLEASES), and DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASES to synthesize large quantities of sequence-specific RNA and DNA molecules.
Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.
An organoplatinum compound that possesses antineoplastic activity.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
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In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...